ECCC-Report TR05-046https://eccc.weizmann.ac.il/report/2005/046Comments and Revisions published for TR05-046en-usSun, 28 Oct 2007 18:32:50 +0200
Comment 3
| A Small Gap in the Gap Amplification of Assignment Testers |
Oded Goldreich,
Or Meir
https://eccc.weizmann.ac.il/report/2005/046#comment3An important extension of the proof of the PCP theorem by Irit Dinur (J. ACM 54(3), also ECCC TR05-046) is a gap amplification theorem for Assignment Testers. Specifically, this theorem states that the rejection probability of an Assignment Tester can be amplified by a constant factor, at the expense of increasing the output size of the Assignment Tester by a constant factor. We point out a gap in the proof of this theorem, and show that this gap can be filled.
Sun, 28 Oct 2007 18:32:50 +0200https://eccc.weizmann.ac.il/report/2005/046#comment3
Comment 2
| Gap amplification using lazy random walks Comment on: TR05-046 |
Jaikumar Radhakrishnan
https://eccc.weizmann.ac.il/report/2005/046#comment2This note is based on the original version of Irit Dinur's paper (ECCC
TR05-046). It contains two suggestions concerning the product
construction. First, instead of using paths of a fixed length t, one
can use paths with varying lengths in order to simplify some
calculations. Second, one can view Proposition 2.4 as guaranteeing
some sort of pairwise independence, and use the second-moment method
instead of explicitly bounding the overcount (as in Lemma 5.3).
Fri, 04 Nov 2005 09:38:46 +0200https://eccc.weizmann.ac.il/report/2005/046#comment2
Revision 1
| The PCP Theorem by gap amplification |
Irit Dinur
https://eccc.weizmann.ac.il/report/2005/046#revision1We describe a new proof of the PCP theorem that is based on a
combinatorial amplification lemma. The *unsat value* of a set of
constraints C={c_1,..,c_n}, denoted unsat(C), is the
smallest fraction of unsatisfied constraints, ranging over all
possible assignments for the underlying variables.
We prove a new combinatorial amplification lemma that doubles the
unsat-value of a constraint-system, with only a linear blowup in the
size of the system. Iterative application of this lemma yields a
proof for the PCP theorem.
The amplification lemma relies on a new notion of "graph powering"
that can be applied to systems of constraints. This powering
amplifies the unsat-value of a constraint system provided that the
underlying graph structure is an expander.
We also apply the amplification lemma to construct PCPs and
locally-testable codes whose length is linear up to a *polylog*
factor, and whose correctness can be probabilistically verified by
making a *constant* number of queries. Namely, we prove $SAT \in
PCP_{\half,1}[\log_2(n\cdot\poly\log n),\,O(1)]$. This answers an
open question of Ben-Sasson et al. (STOC '04).
Mon, 26 Sep 2005 00:00:00 +0300https://eccc.weizmann.ac.il/report/2005/046#revision1
Comment 1
| Gap Amplification Fails Below 1/2 Comment on: TR05-046 |
Andrej Bogdanov
https://eccc.weizmann.ac.il/report/2005/046#comment1The gap amplification lemma of Dinur (ECCC TR05-46) states that
the satisfiability gap of every d-regular constraint expander graph G (with
self-loops) can be amplified by graph powering, as long as the
satisfiability gap of G is not too large. We show that the last requirement
is necessary. Namely, for infinitely many d and every t, there exists an
integer n and a d-regular constraint expander G on n vertices over alphabet
{0, 1} such that sat-gap(G) > 1/2 - o(d), but sat-gap(G^t) < 1/2.
Fri, 03 Jun 2005 19:18:30 +0300https://eccc.weizmann.ac.il/report/2005/046#comment1
Paper TR05-046
| The PCP theorem by gap amplification |
Irit Dinur
https://eccc.weizmann.ac.il/report/2005/046Let C={c_1,...,c_n} be a set of constraints over a set of
variables. The {\em satisfiability-gap} of C is the smallest
fraction of unsatisfied constraints, ranging over all possible
assignments for the variables.
We prove a new combinatorial amplification lemma that doubles the
satisfiability-gap of a constraint-system, with only a linear blowup
in the size of the system. Iterative application of this lemma
yields a self-contained (combinatorial) proof for the PCP theorem.
The amplification lemma relies on a new notion of "graph powering"
that can be applied to systems of constraints. This powering
amplifies the satisfiability-gap of a constraint system provided
that the underlying graph structure is an expander.
We also apply the amplification lemma to construct PCPs and
locally-testable codes whose length is {\em quasi-linear}, and whose
correctness can be probabilistically verified by making a {\em
constant} number of queries. Namely, we prove SAT \in
PCP_{0.5,1}[log(n * polylog n) , O(1)]. This answers an
open question of Ben-Sasson et al. (STOC '04).
Sun, 17 Apr 2005 02:37:18 +0300https://eccc.weizmann.ac.il/report/2005/046