ECCC-Report TR09-120https://eccc.weizmann.ac.il/report/2009/120Comments and Revisions published for TR09-120en-usWed, 29 Aug 2012 23:05:32 +0300
Revision 2
| Almost Optimal Bounds for Direct Product Threshold Theorem |
Charanjit Jutla
https://eccc.weizmann.ac.il/report/2009/120#revision2We consider weakly-verifiable puzzles which are challenge-response puzzles such that the responder may not
be able to verify for itself whether it answered the challenge correctly. We consider $k$-wise direct product of
such puzzles, where now the responder has to solve $k$ puzzles chosen independently in parallel.
Canetti et al have earlier shown that such direct product puzzles have a
hardness which rises exponentially with $k$. In the threshold case addressed in Impagliazzo et al,
the responder is required to answer correctly a fraction of challenges above a threshold. The bound on hardness
of this threshold parallel version was shown to be similar to Chernoff bound, but the constants in the exponent
are rather weak. Namely, Impagliazzo et al show that for a puzzle for which probability of
failure is $\delta$, the
probability of failing on less than $(1-\gamma)\delta k$ out of
$k$ puzzles, for any parallel strategy, is at most $e^{-\gamma^2\delta k/40}$.
In this paper, we develop new techniques to bound this probability, and show that it is arbitrarily close
to Chernoff bound. To be precise, the bound is $e^{-\gamma^2(1-\gamma) \delta k/2}$. We show that given any
responder that solves $k$ parallel puzzles with a good threshold, there is a uniformized parallel solver
who has the same threshold of solving $k$ parallel puzzles, while being oblivious to the permutation of the
puzzles. This enhances the analysis considerably, and may be of independent interest.Wed, 29 Aug 2012 23:05:32 +0300https://eccc.weizmann.ac.il/report/2009/120#revision2
Revision 1
| Almost Optimal Bounds for Direct Product Threshold Theorem |
Charanjit Jutla
https://eccc.weizmann.ac.il/report/2009/120#revision1We consider weakly-verifiable puzzles which are challenge-response puzzles such that the responder may not
be able to verify for itself whether it answered the challenge correctly. We consider $k$-wise direct product of
such puzzles, where now the responder has to solve $k$ puzzles chosen independently in parallel.
Canetti et al have earlier shown that such direct product puzzles have a
hardness which rises exponentially with $k$. In the threshold case addressed in Impagliazzo et al,
the responder is required to answer correctly a fraction of challenges above a threshold. The bound on hardness
of this threshold parallel version was shown to be similar to Chernoff bound, but the constants in the exponent
are rather weak. Namely, Impagliazzo et al show that for a puzzle for which probability of
failure is $\delta$, the
probability of failing on less than $(1-\gamma)\delta k$ out of
$k$ puzzles, for any parallel strategy, is at most $e^{-\gamma^2\delta k/40}$.
In this paper, we develop new techniques to bound this probability, and show that it is arbitrarily close
to Chernoff bound. To be precise, the bound is $e^{-\gamma^2(1-\gamma) \delta k/2}$. We show that given any
responder that solves $k$ parallel puzzles with a good threshold, there is a uniformized parallel solver
who has the same threshold of solving $k$ parallel puzzles, while being oblivious to the permutation of the
puzzles. This enhances the analysis considerably, and may be of independent interest.Mon, 04 Jan 2010 17:28:54 +0200https://eccc.weizmann.ac.il/report/2009/120#revision1
Paper TR09-120
| Almost Optimal Bounds for Direct Product Threshold Theorem |
Charanjit Jutla
https://eccc.weizmann.ac.il/report/2009/120We consider weakly-verifiable puzzles which are challenge-response puzzles such that the responder may not
be able to verify for itself whether it answered the challenge correctly. We consider $k$-wise direct product of
such puzzles, where now the responder has to solve $k$ puzzles chosen independently in parallel.
Canetti et al have earlier shown that such direct product puzzles have a
hardness which rises exponentially with $k$. In the threshold case addressed in Impagliazzo et al,
the responder is required to answer correctly a fraction of challenges above a threshold. The bound on hardness
of this threshold parallel version was shown to be similar to Chernoff bound, but the constants in the exponent
are rather weak. Namely, Impagliazzo et al show that for a puzzle for which probability of
failure is $\delta$, the
probability of failing on less than $(1-\gamma)\delta k$ out of
$k$ puzzles, for any parallel strategy, is at most $e^{-\gamma^2\delta k/40}$.
In this paper, we develop new techniques to bound this probability, and show that it is arbitrarily close
to Chernoff bound. To be precise, the bound is $e^{-\gamma^2(1-\gamma) \delta k/2}$. We show that given any
responder that solves $k$ parallel puzzles with a good threshold, there is a uniformized parallel solver
who has the same threshold of solving $k$ parallel puzzles, while being oblivious to the permutation of the
puzzles. This enhances the analysis considerably, and may be of independent interest.Fri, 20 Nov 2009 14:53:17 +0200https://eccc.weizmann.ac.il/report/2009/120