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Electronic Colloquium on Computational Complexity

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All reports by Author Chris Peikert:

TR11-165 | 8th December 2011
Elena Grigorescu, Chris Peikert

List Decoding Barnes-Wall Lattices

Revisions: 2

The question of list decoding error-correcting codes over finite fields (under the Hamming metric) has been widely studied in recent years. Motivated by the similar discrete structure of linear codes and point lattices in $R^{N}$, and their many shared applications across complexity theory, cryptography, and coding theory, we initiate the ... more >>>

TR08-100 | 14th November 2008
Chris Peikert

Public-Key Cryptosystems from the Worst-Case Shortest Vector Problem

We construct public-key cryptosystems that are secure assuming the
\emph{worst-case} hardness of approximating the length of a shortest
nonzero vector in an $n$-dimensional lattice to within a small
$\poly(n)$ factor. Prior cryptosystems with worst-case connections
were based either on the shortest vector problem for a \emph{special
class} of lattices ... more >>>

TR07-133 | 20th November 2007
Craig Gentry, Chris Peikert, Vinod Vaikuntanathan

Trapdoors for Hard Lattices and New Cryptographic Constructions

We show how to construct a variety of ``trapdoor'' cryptographic tools
assuming the worst-case hardness of standard lattice problems (such as
approximating the shortest nonzero vector to within small factors).
The applications include trapdoor functions with \emph{preimage
sampling}, simple and efficient ``hash-and-sign'' digital signature
schemes, universally composable oblivious transfer, ... more >>>

TR07-080 | 7th August 2007
Chris Peikert, Brent Waters

Lossy Trapdoor Functions and Their Applications

We propose a new general primitive called lossy trapdoor
functions (lossy TDFs), and realize it under a variety of different
number theoretic assumptions, including hardness of the decisional
Diffie-Hellman (DDH) problem and the worst-case hardness of
standard lattice problems.

Using lossy TDFs, we develop a new approach for constructing ... more >>>

TR06-148 | 4th December 2006
Chris Peikert

Limits on the Hardness of Lattice Problems in $\ell_p$ Norms

Revisions: 1

We show that for any $p \geq 2$, lattice problems in the $\ell_p$
norm are subject to all the same limits on hardness as are known
for the $\ell_2$ norm. In particular, for lattices of dimension

* Approximating the shortest and closest vector in ... more >>>

TR06-147 | 27th November 2006
Chris Peikert, Alon Rosen

Lattices that Admit Logarithmic Worst-Case to Average-Case Connection Factors

Revisions: 1

We demonstrate an \emph{average-case} problem which is as hard as
finding $\gamma(n)$-approximate shortest vectors in certain
$n$-dimensional lattices in the \emph{worst case}, where $\gamma(n)
= O(\sqrt{\log n})$. The previously best known factor for any class
of lattices was $\gamma(n) = \tilde{O}(n)$.

To obtain our ... more >>>

TR05-158 | 12th December 2005
Chris Peikert, Alon Rosen

Efficient Collision-Resistant Hashing from Worst-Case Assumptions on Cyclic Lattices

The generalized knapsack function is defined as $f_{\a}(\x) = \sum_i
a_i \cdot x_i$, where $\a = (a_1, \ldots, a_m)$ consists of $m$
elements from some ring $R$, and $\x = (x_1, \ldots, x_m)$ consists
of $m$ coefficients from a specified subset $S \subseteq R$.
Micciancio ... more >>>

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