Weizmann Logo
Electronic Colloquium on Computational Complexity

Under the auspices of the Computational Complexity Foundation (CCF)

Login | Register | Classic Style

All reports by Author Cynthia Dwork:

TR20-176 | 26th November 2020
Cynthia Dwork, Michael Kim, Omer Reingold, Guy Rothblum, Gal Yona

Outcome Indistinguishability

Prediction algorithms assign numbers to individuals that are popularly understood as individual ``probabilities''---what is the probability of 5-year survival after cancer diagnosis?---and which increasingly form the basis for life-altering decisions. Drawing on an understanding of computational indistinguishability developed in complexity theory and cryptography, we introduce Outcome Indistinguishability. Predictors that are ... more >>>

TR16-049 | 28th March 2016
Cynthia Dwork, Moni Naor, Guy Rothblum

Spooky Interaction and its Discontents: Compilers for Succinct Two-Message Argument Systems

We are interested in constructing short two-message arguments for various languages, where the complexity of the verifier is small (e.g. linear in the input size, or even sublinear if the input is coded appropriately).

In 2000 Aiello et al. suggested the tantalizing possibility of obtaining such arguments for all of ... more >>>

TR07-097 | 8th October 2007
Miklos Ajtai, Cynthia Dwork

The First and Fourth Public-Key Cryptosystems with Worst-Case/Average-Case Equivalence.

We describe a public-key cryptosystem with worst-case/average case
equivalence. The cryptosystem has an amortized plaintext to
ciphertext expansion of $O(n)$, relies on the hardness of the
$\tilde O(n^2)$-unique shortest vector problem for lattices, and
requires a public key of size at most $O(n^4)$ bits. The new
cryptosystem generalizes a conceptually ... more >>>

TR02-001 | 8th January 2002
Cynthia Dwork, Moni Naor

Zaps and Their Applications

A zap is a two-round, witness-indistinguishable protocol in which
the first round, consisting of a message from the verifier to the
prover, can be fixed ``once-and-for-all" and applied to any instance,
and where the verifier does not use any private coins.
We present a zap for every language in NP, ... more >>>

TR96-065 | 13th December 1996
Miklos Ajtai, Cynthia Dwork

A Public-Key Cryptosystem with Worst-Case/Average-Case Equivalence

Revisions: 1 , Comments: 1

We present a probabilistic public key cryptosystem which is
secure unless the following worst-case lattice problem can be solved in
polynomial time:
"Find the shortest nonzero vector in an n dimensional lattice
L where the shortest vector v is unique in the sense that any other
vector whose ... more >>>

ISSN 1433-8092 | Imprint