All reports by Author Cynthia Dwork:

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TR20-176
| 26th November 2020
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Cynthia Dwork, Michael Kim, Omer Reingold, Guy Rothblum, Gal Yona#### Outcome Indistinguishability

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TR16-049
| 28th March 2016
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Cynthia Dwork, Moni Naor, Guy Rothblum#### Spooky Interaction and its Discontents: Compilers for Succinct Two-Message Argument Systems

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TR07-097
| 8th October 2007
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Miklos Ajtai, Cynthia Dwork#### The First and Fourth Public-Key Cryptosystems with Worst-Case/Average-Case Equivalence.

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TR02-001
| 8th January 2002
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Cynthia Dwork, Moni Naor#### Zaps and Their Applications

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TR96-065
| 13th December 1996
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Miklos Ajtai, Cynthia Dwork#### A Public-Key Cryptosystem with Worst-Case/Average-Case Equivalence

Revisions: 1
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Comments: 1

Cynthia Dwork, Michael Kim, Omer Reingold, Guy Rothblum, Gal Yona

Prediction algorithms assign numbers to individuals that are popularly understood as individual ``probabilities''---what is the probability of 5-year survival after cancer diagnosis?---and which increasingly form the basis for life-altering decisions. Drawing on an understanding of computational indistinguishability developed in complexity theory and cryptography, we introduce Outcome Indistinguishability. Predictors that are ... more >>>

Cynthia Dwork, Moni Naor, Guy Rothblum

We are interested in constructing short two-message arguments for various languages, where the complexity of the verifier is small (e.g. linear in the input size, or even sublinear if the input is coded appropriately).

In 2000 Aiello et al. suggested the tantalizing possibility of obtaining such arguments for all of ... more >>>

Miklos Ajtai, Cynthia Dwork

We describe a public-key cryptosystem with worst-case/average case

equivalence. The cryptosystem has an amortized plaintext to

ciphertext expansion of $O(n)$, relies on the hardness of the

$\tilde O(n^2)$-unique shortest vector problem for lattices, and

requires a public key of size at most $O(n^4)$ bits. The new

cryptosystem generalizes a conceptually ...
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Cynthia Dwork, Moni Naor

A zap is a two-round, witness-indistinguishable protocol in which

the first round, consisting of a message from the verifier to the

prover, can be fixed ``once-and-for-all" and applied to any instance,

and where the verifier does not use any private coins.

We present a zap for every language in NP, ...
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Miklos Ajtai, Cynthia Dwork

We present a probabilistic public key cryptosystem which is

secure unless the following worst-case lattice problem can be solved in

polynomial time:

"Find the shortest nonzero vector in an n dimensional lattice

L where the shortest vector v is unique in the sense that any other

vector whose ...
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