Weizmann Logo
Electronic Colloquium on Computational Complexity

Under the auspices of the Computational Complexity Foundation (CCF)

Login | Register | Classic Style

All reports by Author Amit Sahai:

TR18-200 | 29th November 2018
Ashutosh Kumar, Raghu Meka, Amit Sahai

Leakage-Resilient Secret Sharing

In this work, we consider the natural goal of designing secret sharing schemes that ensure security against a powerful adaptive adversary who may learn some ``leaked'' information about all the shares. We say that a secret sharing scheme is $p$-party leakage-resilient, if the secret remains statistically hidden even after an ... more >>>

TR18-009 | 9th January 2018
Saikrishna Badrinarayanan, Yael Kalai, Dakshita Khurana, Amit Sahai, Daniel Wichs

Non-Interactive Delegation for Low-Space Non-Deterministic Computation

We construct a delegation scheme for verifying non-deterministic computations, with complexity proportional only to the non-deterministic space of the computation. Specifi cally, letting $n$ denote the input length, we construct a delegation scheme for any language veri fiable in non-deterministic time and space $(T(n);S(n))$ with communication complexity $poly(S(n))$, verifi er ... more >>>

TR17-100 | 7th June 2017
Dakshita Khurana, Amit Sahai

How to Achieve Non-Malleability in One or Two Rounds

Despite over 25 years of research on non-malleable commitments in the plain model, their round complexity has remained open. The goal of achieving non-malleable commitment protocols with only one or two rounds has been especially elusive. Pass (TCC 2013, CC 2016) captured this difficulty by proving important impossibility results regarding ... more >>>

TR13-143 | 19th October 2013
Yuval Ishai, Eyal Kushilevitz, Xin Li, Rafail Ostrovsky, Manoj Prabhakaran, Amit Sahai, David Zuckerman

Robust Pseudorandom Generators

Revisions: 1

Let $G:\{0,1\}^n\to\{0,1\}^m$ be a pseudorandom generator. We say that a circuit implementation of $G$ is $(k,q)$-robust if for every set $S$ of at most $k$ wires anywhere in the circuit, there is a set $T$ of at most $q|S|$ outputs, such that conditioned on the values of $S$ and $T$ ... more >>>

TR10-020 | 19th February 2010
Vipul Goyal, Yuval Ishai, Mohammad Mahmoody, Amit Sahai

Interactive Locking, Zero-Knowledge PCPs, and Unconditional Cryptography

Motivated by the question of basing cryptographic protocols on stateless tamper-proof hardware tokens, we revisit the question of unconditional two-prover zero-knowledge proofs for $NP$. We show that such protocols exist in the {\em interactive PCP} model of Kalai and Raz (ICALP '08), where one of the provers is replaced by ... more >>>

TR07-053 | 27th April 2007
Jens Groth, Amit Sahai

Efficient Non-interactive Proof Systems for Bilinear Groups

Non-interactive zero-knowledge proofs and non-interactive witness-indistinguishable proofs have played a significant role in the theory of cryptography. However, lack of efficiency has prevented them from being used in practice. One of the roots of this inefficiency is that non-interactive zero-knowledge proofs have been constructed for general NP-complete languages such as ... more >>>

TR06-110 | 15th August 2006
Nishanth Chandran, Ryan Moriarty, Rafail Ostrovsky, Omkant Pandey, Amit Sahai

Improved Algorithms for Optimal Embeddings

In the last decade, the notion of metric embeddings with
small distortion received wide attention in the literature, with
applications in combinatorial optimization, discrete mathematics, functional
analysis and bio-informatics. The notion of embedding is, given two metric
spaces on the same number of points, to find a bijection that minimizes
more >>>

TR05-097 | 31st August 2005
Jens Groth, Rafail Ostrovsky, Amit Sahai

Perfect Non-Interactive Zero Knowledge for NP

Non-interactive zero-knowledge (NIZK) systems are
fundamental cryptographic primitives used in many constructions,
including CCA2-secure cryptosystems, digital signatures, and various
cryptographic protocols. What makes them especially attractive, is
that they work equally well in a concurrent setting, which is
notoriously hard for interactive zero-knowledge protocols. However,
while for interactive zero-knowledge we ... more >>>

TR05-096 | 26th August 2005
Boaz Barak, Amit Sahai

How To Play Almost Any Mental Game Over The Net --- Concurrent Composition via Super-Polynomial Simulation

We construct a secure protocol for any multi-party functionality
that remains secure (under a relaxed definition of security) when
executed concurrently with multiple copies of itself and other
protocols. We stress that we do *not* use any assumptions on
existence of trusted parties, common reference string, honest
majority or synchronicity ... more >>>

TR05-093 | 24th August 2005
Daniele Micciancio, Shien Jin Ong, Amit Sahai, Salil Vadhan

Concurrent Zero Knowledge without Complexity Assumptions

We provide <i>unconditional</i> constructions of <i>concurrent</i>
statistical zero-knowledge proofs for a variety of non-trivial
problems (not known to have probabilistic polynomial-time
algorithms). The problems include Graph Isomorphism, Graph
Nonisomorphism, Quadratic Residuosity, Quadratic Nonresiduosity, a
restricted version of Statistical Difference, and approximate
versions of the (<b>coNP</b> forms of the) Shortest Vector ... more >>>

TR01-057 | 15th August 2001
Boaz Barak, Oded Goldreich, Russell Impagliazzo, Steven Rudich, Amit Sahai, Salil Vadhan, Ke Yang

On the (Im)possibility of Obfuscating Programs

Informally, an <i>obfuscator</i> <b>O</b> is an (efficient, probabilistic)
"compiler" that takes as input a program (or circuit) <b>P</b> and
produces a new program <b>O(P)</b> that has the same functionality as <b>P</b>
yet is "unintelligible" in some sense. Obfuscators, if they exist,
would have a wide variety of cryptographic ... more >>>

TR00-084 | 6th November 2000
Salil Vadhan, Amit Sahai

A Complete Problem for Statistical Zero Knowledge

We present the first complete problem for SZK, the class of (promise)
problems possessing statistical zero-knowledge proofs (against an
honest verifier). The problem, called STATISTICAL DIFFERENCE, is to
decide whether two efficiently samplable distributions are either
statistically close or far apart. This gives a new characterization
of SZK that makes ... more >>>

TR99-013 | 28th May 1999
Oded Goldreich, Amit Sahai, Salil Vadhan

Can Statistical Zero Knowledge be made Non-Interactive? or On the Relationship of SZK and NISZK

We extend the study of non-interactive statistical zero-knowledge
proofs. Our main focus is to compare the class NISZK of problems
possessing such non-interactive proofs to the class SZK of problems
possessing interactive statistical zero-knowledge proofs. Along these
lines, we first show that if statistical zero knowledge is non-trivial
then so ... more >>>

ISSN 1433-8092 | Imprint