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REPORTS > AUTHORS > SUBHASH KHOT:
All reports by Author Subhash Khot:

TR18-006 | 10th January 2018
Subhash Khot, Dor Minzer, Muli Safra

Pseudorandom Sets in Grassmann Graph have Near-Perfect Expansion

Revisions: 1

We prove that pseudorandom sets in Grassmann graph have near-perfect expansion as hypothesized in [DKKMS-2]. This completes
the proof of the $2$-to-$2$ Games Conjecture (albeit with imperfect completeness) as proposed in [KMS, DKKMS-1], along with a
contribution from [BKT].

The Grassmann graph $Gr_{global}$ contains induced subgraphs $Gr_{local}$ that are themselves ... more >>>


TR17-094 | 25th May 2017
Irit Dinur, Subhash Khot, Guy Kindler, Dor Minzer, Muli Safra

On Non-Optimally Expanding Sets in Grassmann Graphs

The paper investigates expansion properties of the Grassmann graph,
motivated by recent results of [KMS, DKKMS] concerning hardness
of the Vertex-Cover and of the $2$-to-$1$ Games problems. Proving the
hypotheses put forward by these papers seems to first require a better
understanding of these expansion properties.

We consider the edge ... more >>>


TR17-030 | 15th February 2017
Amey Bhangale, Subhash Khot, Devanathan Thiruvenkatachari

An Improved Dictatorship Test with Perfect Completeness

A Boolean function $f:\{0,1\}^n\rightarrow \{0,1\}$ is called a dictator if it depends on exactly one variable i.e $f(x_1, x_2, \ldots, x_n) = x_i$ for some $i\in [n]$. In this work, we study a $k$-query dictatorship test. Dictatorship tests are central in proving many hardness results for constraint satisfaction problems.

... more >>>

TR16-198 | 14th December 2016
Irit Dinur, Subhash Khot, Guy Kindler, Dor Minzer, Muli Safra

Towards a Proof of the 2-to-1 Games Conjecture?

We propose a combinatorial hypothesis regarding a subspace vs. subspace agreement test, and prove that if correct it leads to a proof of the 2-to-1 Games Conjecture, albeit with imperfect completeness.

more >>>

TR16-126 | 8th August 2016
Subhash Khot, Igor Shinkar

An $\widetilde{O}(n)$ Queries Adaptive Tester for Unateness

We present an adaptive tester for the unateness property of Boolean functions. Given a function $f:\{0,1\}^n \to \{0,1\}$ the tester makes $O(n \log(n)/\epsilon)$ adaptive queries to the function. The tester always accepts a unate function, and rejects with probability at least 0.9 any function that is $\epsilon$-far from being unate.
more >>>


TR16-124 | 12th August 2016
Subhash Khot

On Independent Sets, $2$-to-$2$ Games and Grassmann Graphs

Revisions: 1 , Comments: 1

We present a candidate reduction from the $3$-Lin problem to the $2$-to-$2$ Games problem and present a combinatorial hypothesis about
Grassmann graphs which, if correct, is sufficient to show the soundness of the reduction in
a certain non-standard sense. A reduction that is sound in this non-standard sense
implies that ... more >>>


TR16-116 | 26th July 2016
Subhash Khot, Rishi Saket

Approximating CSPs using LP Relaxation

This paper studies how well the standard LP relaxation approximates a $k$-ary constraint satisfaction problem (CSP) on label set $[L]$. We show that, assuming the Unique Games Conjecture, it achieves an approximation within $O(k^3\cdot \log L)$ of the optimal approximation factor. In particular we prove the following hardness result: let ... more >>>


TR15-013 | 28th January 2015
Subhash Khot, Igor Shinkar

On Hardness of Approximating the Parameterized Clique Problem

In the $Gap-clique(k, \frac{k}{2})$ problem, the input is an $n$-vertex graph $G$, and the goal is to decide whether $G$ contains a clique of size $k$ or contains no clique of size $\frac{k}{2}$. It is an open question in the study of fixed parameterized tractability whether the $Gap-clique(k, \frac{k}{2})$ problem ... more >>>


TR15-011 | 22nd January 2015
Subhash Khot, Dor Minzer, Muli Safra

On Monotonicity Testing and Boolean Isoperimetric type Theorems

We show a directed and robust analogue of a boolean isoperimetric type theorem of Talagrand. As an application, we
give a monotonicity testing algorithm that makes $\tilde{O}(\sqrt{n}/\epsilon^2)$ non-adaptive queries to a function
$f:\{0,1\}^n \mapsto \{0,1\}$, always accepts a monotone function and rejects a function that is $\epsilon$-far from
being monotone ... more >>>


TR14-142 | 1st November 2014
Subhash Khot, Dana Moshkovitz

Candidate Lasserre Integrality Gap For Unique Games

We propose a candidate Lasserre integrality gap construction for the Unique Games problem.
Our construction is based on a suggestion in [KM STOC'11] wherein the authors study the complexity of approximately solving a system of linear equations over reals and suggest it as an avenue towards a (positive) resolution ... more >>>


TR14-051 | 12th April 2014
Subhash Khot, Rishi Saket

Hardness of Coloring $2$-Colorable $12$-Uniform Hypergraphs with $2^{(\log n)^{\Omega(1)}}$ Colors

We show that it is quasi-NP-hard to color $2$-colorable $12$-uniform hypergraphs with $2^{(\log n)^{\Omega(1) }}$ colors where $n$ is the number of vertices. Previously, Guruswami et al. [GHHSV14] showed that it is quasi-NP-hard to color $2$-colorable $8$-uniform hypergraphs with $2^{2^{\Omega(\sqrt{\log \log n})}}$ colors. Their result is obtained by composing a ... more >>>


TR13-146 | 20th October 2013
Subhash Khot, Madhur Tulsiani, Pratik Worah

A Characterization of Approximation Resistance

Revisions: 1

A predicate $f:\{-1,1\}^k \mapsto \{0,1\}$ with $\rho(f) = \frac{|f^{-1}(1)|}{2^k}$ is called {\it approximation resistant} if given a near-satisfiable instance of CSP$(f)$, it is computationally hard to find an assignment that satisfies at least $\rho(f)+\Omega(1)$ fraction of the constraints.

We present a complete characterization of approximation resistant predicates under the ... more >>>


TR13-075 | 23rd May 2013
Subhash Khot, Madhur Tulsiani, Pratik Worah

A Characterization of Strong Approximation Resistance

For a predicate $f:\{-1,1\}^k \mapsto \{0,1\}$ with $\rho(f) = \frac{|f^{-1}(1)|}{2^k}$, we call the predicate strongly approximation resistant if given a near-satisfiable instance of CSP$(f)$, it is computationally hard to find an assignment such that the fraction of constraints satisfied is outside the range $[\rho(f)-\Omega(1), \rho(f)+\Omega(1)]$.

We present a characterization of ... more >>>


TR12-151 | 6th November 2012
Subhash Khot, Madhur Tulsiani, Pratik Worah

The Complexity of Somewhat Approximation Resistant Predicates

Revisions: 1

A boolean predicate $f:\{0,1\}^k\to\{0,1\}$ is said to be {\em somewhat approximation resistant} if for some constant $\tau > \frac{|f^{-1}(1)|}{2^k}$, given a $\tau$-satisfiable instance of the MAX-$k$-CSP$(f)$ problem, it is NP-hard to find an assignment that {\it strictly beats} the naive algorithm that outputs a uniformly random assignment. Let $\tau(f)$ denote ... more >>>


TR12-109 | 31st August 2012
Subhash Khot, Muli Safra, Madhur Tulsiani

Towards An Optimal Query Efficient PCP?

We construct a PCP based on the hyper-graph linearity test with 3 free queries. It has near-perfect completeness and soundness strictly less than 1/8. Such a PCP was known before only assuming the Unique Games Conjecture, albeit with soundness arbitrarily close to 1/16.

At a technical level, our ... more >>>


TR11-119 | 4th September 2011
Subhash Khot, Preyas Popat, Nisheeth Vishnoi

$2^{\log^{1-\epsilon} n}$ Hardness for Closest Vector Problem with Preprocessing

We prove that for an arbitrarily small constant $\eps>0,$ assuming NP$\not \subseteq$DTIME$(2^{{\log^{O(1/\epsilon)} n}})$, the preprocessing versions of the closest vector problem and the nearest codeword problem are hard to approximate within a factor better than $2^{\log ^{1-\epsilon}n}.$ This improves upon the previous hardness factor of $(\log n)^\delta$ for some $\delta ... more >>>


TR10-112 | 15th July 2010
Subhash Khot, Dana Moshkovitz

NP-Hardness of Approximately Solving Linear Equations Over Reals

In this paper, we consider the problem of approximately solving a system of homogeneous linear equations over reals, where each
equation contains at most three variables.

Since the all-zero assignment always satisfies all the equations exactly, we restrict the assignments to be ``non-trivial". Here is
an informal statement of our ... more >>>


TR10-053 | 28th March 2010
Dana Moshkovitz, Subhash Khot

Hardness of Approximately Solving Linear Equations Over Reals

Comments: 1

In this paper, we consider the problem of approximately solving a
system of homogeneous linear equations over reals, where each
equation contains at most three variables.

Since the all-zero assignment always satisfies all the equations
exactly, we restrict the assignments to be ``non-trivial". Here is
an informal statement of our ... more >>>


TR07-073 | 3rd August 2007
Parikshit Gopalan, Subhash Khot, Rishi Saket

Hardness of Reconstructing Multivariate Polynomials over Finite Fields

We study the polynomial reconstruction problem for low-degree
multivariate polynomials over finite fields. In the GF[2] version of this problem, we are given a set of points on the hypercube and target values $f(x)$ for each of these points, with the promise that there is a polynomial over GF[2] of ... more >>>


TR06-059 | 3rd May 2006
Vitaly Feldman, Parikshit Gopalan, Subhash Khot, Ashok Kumar Ponnuswami

New Results for Learning Noisy Parities and Halfspaces

We address well-studied problems concerning the learnability of parities and halfspaces in the presence of classification noise.

Learning of parities under the uniform distribution with random classification noise,also called the noisy parity problem is a famous open problem in computational learning. We reduce a number of basic problems regarding ... more >>>


TR05-101 | 20th September 2005
Guy Kindler, Ryan O'Donnell, Subhash Khot, Elchanan Mossel

Optimal Inapproximability Results for MAX-CUT and Other 2-Variable CSPs?

In this paper we show a reduction from the Unique Games problem to the problem of approximating MAX-CUT to within a factor of $\GW + \eps$, for all $\eps > 0$; here $\GW \approx .878567$ denotes the approximation ratio achieved by the Goemans-Williamson algorithm~\cite{GW95}. This implies that if the Unique ... more >>>


TR05-064 | 26th June 2005
Howard Karloff, Subhash Khot, Aranyak Mehta, Yuval Rabani

On earthmover distance, metric labeling, and 0-extension

We study the classification problem {\sc Metric Labeling} and its special case {\sc 0-Extension} in the context of earthmover metrics. Researchers recently proposed using earthmover metrics to get a polynomial time-solvable relaxation of {\sc Metric Labeling}; until now, however, no one knew if the integrality ratio was constant or not, ... more >>>


TR02-027 | 30th April 2002
Irit Dinur, Venkatesan Guruswami, Subhash Khot

Vertex Cover on k-Uniform Hypergraphs is Hard to Approximate within Factor (k-3-\epsilon)

Given a $k$-uniform hypergraph, the E$k$-Vertex-Cover problem is
to find a minimum subset of vertices that ``hits'' every edge. We
show that for every integer $k \geq 5$, E$k$-Vertex-Cover is
NP-hard to approximate within a factor of $(k-3-\epsilon)$, for
an arbitrarily small constant $\epsilon > 0$.

This almost matches the ... more >>>




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