All reports by Author Benjamin Rossman:

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TR24-107
| 23rd June 2024
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Benjamin Rossman#### Formula Size-Depth Tradeoffs for Iterated Sub-Permutation Matrix Multiplication

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TR20-186
| 9th December 2020
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Benjamin Rossman#### Shrinkage of Decision Lists and DNF Formulas

Revisions: 1

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TR20-061
| 28th April 2020
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Deepanshu Kush, Benjamin Rossman#### Tree-depth and the Formula Complexity of Subgraph Isomorphism

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TR17-022
| 13th February 2017
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Benjamin Rossman, Srikanth Srinivasan#### Separation of AC$^0[\oplus]$ Formulas and Circuits

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TR16-206
| 24th December 2016
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Benjamin Rossman#### An Improved Homomorphism Preservation Theorem From Lower Bounds in Circuit Complexity

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TR15-143
| 31st August 2015
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Benjamin Rossman#### The Average Sensitivity of Bounded-Depth Formulas

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TR13-169
| 2nd December 2013
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Benjamin Rossman#### Formulas vs. Circuits for Small Distance Connectivity

Benjamin Rossman

We study the formula complexity of Iterated Sub-Permutation Matrix Multiplication, the logspace-complete problem of computing the product of $k$ $n$-by-$n$ Boolean matrices with at most a single $1$ in each row and column. For all $d \le \log k$, this problem is solvable by $n^{O(dk^{1/d})}$ size monotone formulas of two ... more >>>

Benjamin Rossman

We establish nearly tight bounds on the expected shrinkage of decision lists and DNF formulas under the $p$-random restriction $\mathbf R_p$ for all values of $p \in [0,1]$. For a function $f$ with domain $\{0,1\}^n$, let $\mathrm{DL}(f)$ denote the minimum size of a decision list that computes $f$. We show ... more >>>

Deepanshu Kush, Benjamin Rossman

For a fixed "pattern" graph $G$, the $\textit{colored}$ $G\textit{-subgraph isomorphism problem}$ (denoted $\mathrm{SUB}(G)$) asks, given an $n$-vertex graph $H$ and a coloring $V(H) \to V(G)$, whether $H$ contains a properly colored copy of $G$. The complexity of this problem is tied to parameterized versions of $\mathit{P}$ ${=}?$ $\mathit{NP}$ and $\mathit{L}$ ... more >>>

Benjamin Rossman, Srikanth Srinivasan

This paper gives the first separation between the power of {\em formulas} and {\em circuits} of equal depth in the $\mathrm{AC}^0[\oplus]$ basis (unbounded fan-in AND, OR, NOT and MOD$_2$ gates). We show, for all $d(n) \le O(\frac{\log n}{\log\log n})$, that there exist {\em polynomial-size depth-$d$ circuits} that are not equivalent ... more >>>

Benjamin Rossman

Previous work of the author [39] showed that the Homomorphism Preservation Theorem of classical model theory remains valid when its statement is restricted to finite structures. In this paper, we give a new proof of this result via a reduction to lower bounds in circuit complexity, specifically on the AC$^0$ ... more >>>

Benjamin Rossman

We show that unbounded fan-in boolean formulas of depth $d+1$ and size $s$ have average sensitivity $O(\frac{1}{d}\log s)^d$. In particular, this gives a tight $2^{\Omega(d(n^{1/d}-1))}$ lower bound on the size of depth $d+1$ formulas computing the PARITY function. These results strengthen the corresponding $2^{\Omega(n^{1/d})}$ and $O(\log s)^d$ bounds for circuits ... more >>>

Benjamin Rossman

We give the first super-polynomial separation in the power of bounded-depth boolean formulas vs. circuits. Specifically, we consider the problem Distance $k(n)$ Connectivity, which asks whether two specified nodes in a graph of size $n$ are connected by a path of length at most $k(n)$. This problem is solvable (by ... more >>>