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Electronic Colloquium on Computational Complexity

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REPORTS > AUTHORS > NIKHIL MANDE:
All reports by Author Nikhil Mande:

TR19-082 | 2nd June 2019
Andrej Bogdanov, Nikhil Mande, Justin Thaler, Christopher Williamson

Approximate degree, secret sharing, and concentration phenomena

The $\epsilon$-approximate degree $\widetilde{\text{deg}}_\epsilon(f)$ of a Boolean function $f$ is the least degree of a real-valued polynomial that approximates $f$ pointwise to error $\epsilon$. The approximate degree of $f$ is at least $k$ iff there exists a pair of probability distributions, also known as a dual polynomial, that are perfectly ... more >>>


TR19-027 | 1st March 2019
Mark Bun, Nikhil Mande, Justin Thaler

Sign-Rank Can Increase Under Intersection

The communication class $UPP^{cc}$ is a communication analog of the Turing Machine complexity class $PP$. It is characterized by a matrix-analytic complexity measure called sign-rank (also called dimension complexity), and is essentially the most powerful communication class against which we know how to prove lower bounds.

For a communication problem ... more >>>


TR19-007 | 17th January 2019
Arkadev Chattopadhyay, Meena Mahajan, Nikhil Mande, Nitin Saurabh

Lower Bounds for Linear Decision Lists

We demonstrate a lower bound technique for linear decision lists, which are decision lists where the queries are arbitrary linear threshold functions.
We use this technique to prove an explicit lower bound by showing that any linear decision list computing the function $MAJ \circ XOR$ requires size $2^{0.18 n}$. This ... more >>>


TR18-176 | 26th October 2018
Arkadev Chattopadhyay, Nikhil Mande, Suhail Sherif

The Log-Approximate-Rank Conjecture is False

We construct a simple and total XOR function $F$ on $2n$ variables that has only $O(\sqrt{n})$ spectral norm, $O(n^2)$ approximate rank and $n^{O(\log n)}$ approximate nonnegative rank. We show it has polynomially large randomized bounded-error communication complexity of $\Omega(\sqrt{n})$. This yields the first exponential gap between the logarithm of the ... more >>>


TR17-083 | 5th May 2017
Arkadev Chattopadhyay, Nikhil Mande

Weights at the Bottom Matter When the Top is Heavy

Revisions: 1

Proving super-polynomial lower bounds against depth-2 threshold circuits of the form THR of THR is a well-known open problem that represents a frontier of our understanding in boolean circuit complexity. By contrast, exponential lower bounds on the size of THR of MAJ circuits were shown by Razborov and Sherstov (SIAM ... more >>>


TR17-062 | 9th April 2017
Arkadev Chattopadhyay, Nikhil Mande

Dual polynomials and communication complexity of XOR functions

We show a new duality between the polynomial margin complexity of $f$ and the discrepancy of the function $f \circ$ XOR, called an XOR function. Using this duality,
we develop polynomial based techniques for understanding the bounded error (BPP) and the weakly-unbounded error (PP) communication complexities of XOR functions. ... more >>>


TR16-095 | 7th June 2016
Arkadev Chattopadhyay, Nikhil Mande

Small Error Versus Unbounded Error Protocols in the NOF Model

Revisions: 1 , Comments: 1

We show that a simple function has small unbounded error communication complexity in the $k$-party number-on-forehead (NOF) model but every probabilistic protocol that solves it with sub-exponential advantage over random guessing has cost essentially $\Omega\left(\frac{\sqrt{n}}{4^k}\right)$ bits. Such a separation was first shown for $k=2$ independently by Buhrman et al. ['07] ... more >>>




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