TR05-068 Authors: Christian Glaßer, A. Pavan, Alan L. Selman, Liyu Zhang

Publication: 7th July 2005 13:27

Downloads: 2867

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We show that a set is m-autoreducible if and only if it is m-mitotic. This solves a long standing open question in a surprising way. As a consequence of this unconditional result and recent work by Glasser et al., complete sets for all of the following complexity classes are m-mitotic: NP, coNP, ParityP, PSPACE, and NEXP, as well as all levels of PH, MODPH, and the Boolean hierarchy over NP. In the cases of NP, PSPACE, NEXP, and PH, this at once answers several well-studied open questions. These results tell us that complete sets share a redundancy that was not known before.

We disprove the equivalence between autoreducibility and mitoticity for all polynomial-time-bounded reducibilities between 3-tt-reducibility and Turing- reducibility: There exists a sparse set in EXP that is polynomial-time 3-tt- autoreducible, but not weakly polynomial-time T-mitotic. In particular, polynomial-time T-autoreducibility does not imply polynomial-time weak T- mitoticity, which solves an open question by Buhrman and Torenvliet.

We generalize autoreducibility to define poly-autoreducibility and give evidence that NP-complete sets are poly-autoreducible.