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Electronic Colloquium on Computational Complexity

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Reports tagged with separation:
TR01-074 | 12th October 2001
Joshua Buresh-Oppenheim, David Mitchell

Linear and Negative Resolution are Weaker than Resolution

Comments: 1

We prove exponential separations between the sizes of
particular refutations in negative, respectively linear, resolution and
general resolution. Only a superpolynomial separation between negative
and general resolution was previously known. Our examples show that there
is no strong relationship between the size and width of refutations in
negative and ... more >>>

TR04-036 | 27th March 2004
Ziv Bar-Yossef, T.S. Jayram, Iordanis Kerenidis

Exponential Separation of Quantum and Classical One-Way Communication Complexity

We give the first exponential separation between quantum and bounded-error randomized one-way communication complexity. Specifically, we define the Hidden Matching Problem HM_n: Alice gets as input a string x in {0,1}^n and Bob gets a perfect matching M on the n coordinates. Bob's goal is to output a tuple (i,j,b) ... more >>>

TR05-066 | 4th June 2005
Jakob Nordström

Narrow Proofs May Be Spacious: Separating Space and Width in Resolution

Revisions: 2 , Comments: 1

The width of a resolution proof is the maximal number of literals in any clause of the proof. The space of a proof is the maximal number of memory cells used if the proof is only allowed to resolve on clauses kept in memory. Both of these measures have previously ... more >>>

TR06-051 | 8th April 2006
Alan Nash, Russell Impagliazzo, Jeff Remmel

Infinitely-Often Universal Languages and Diagonalization

Diagonalization is a powerful technique in recursion theory and in
computational complexity \cite{For00}. The limits of this technique are
not clear. On the one hand, many people argue that conflicting
relativizations mean a complexity question cannot be resolved using only
diagonalization. On the other hand, it is not clear that ... more >>>

TR07-079 | 11th August 2007
Emanuele Viola, Avi Wigderson

One-way multi-party communication lower bound for pointer jumping with applications

In this paper we study the one-way multi-party communication model,
in which every party speaks exactly once in its turn. For every
fixed $k$, we prove a tight lower bound of
$\Omega{n^{1/(k-1)}}$ on the probabilistic communication
complexity of pointer jumping in a $k$-layered tree, where the
pointers of the $i$-th ... more >>>

TR08-026 | 28th February 2008
Jakob Nordström, Johan Hastad

Towards an Optimal Separation of Space and Length in Resolution

Most state-of-the-art satisfiability algorithms today are variants of
the DPLL procedure augmented with clause learning. The main bottleneck
for such algorithms, other than the obvious one of time, is the amount
of memory used. In the field of proof complexity, the resources of
time and memory correspond to the length ... more >>>

TR09-034 | 25th March 2009
Eli Ben-Sasson, Jakob Nordström

Understanding Space in Resolution: Optimal Lower Bounds and Exponential Trade-offs

Comments: 1

For current state-of-the-art satisfiability algorithms based on the
DPLL procedure and clause learning, the two main bottlenecks are the
amounts of time and memory used. Understanding time and memory
consumption, and how they are related to one another, is therefore a
question of considerable practical importance. In the field of ... more >>>

TR09-047 | 20th April 2009
Eli Ben-Sasson, Jakob Nordström

A Space Hierarchy for k-DNF Resolution

Comments: 1

The k-DNF resolution proof systems are a family of systems indexed by
the integer k, where the kth member is restricted to operating with
formulas in disjunctive normal form with all terms of bounded arity k
(k-DNF formulas). This family was introduced in [Krajicek 2001] as an
extension of the ... more >>>

TR10-060 | 5th April 2010
Dmitry Gavinsky, Alexander A. Sherstov

A Separation of NP and coNP in Multiparty Communication Complexity

We prove that NP$\ne$coNP and coNP$\nsubseteq$MA in the number-on-forehead model of multiparty communication complexity for up to $k=(1-\epsilon)\log n$ players, where $\epsilon>0$ is any constant. Specifically, we construct a function $F:(\zoon)^k\to\zoo$ with co-nondeterministic
complexity $O(\log n)$ and Merlin-Arthur
complexity $n^{\Omega(1)}$.
The problem was open for $k\geq3$.

more >>>

TR10-125 | 11th August 2010
Eli Ben-Sasson, Jakob Nordström

Understanding Space in Proof Complexity: Separations and Trade-offs via Substitutions

For current state-of-the-art satisfiability algorithms based on the DPLL procedure and clause learning, the two main bottlenecks are the amounts of time and memory used. In the field of proof complexity, these resources correspond to the length and space of resolution proofs for formulas in conjunctive normal form (CNF). There ... more >>>

TR10-136 | 26th August 2010
Arnab Bhattacharyya, Elena Grigorescu, Jakob Nordström, Ning Xie

Separations of Matroid Freeness Properties

Revisions: 1

Properties of Boolean functions on the hypercube that are invariant
with respect to linear transformations of the domain are among some of
the most well-studied properties in the context of property testing.
In this paper, we study a particular natural class of linear-invariant
properties, called matroid freeness properties. These properties ... more >>>

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