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Electronic Colloquium on Computational Complexity

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Reports tagged with constraint satisfaction problem:
TR02-032 | 17th April 2002
Andrei Bulatov

Tractable Constraint Satisfaction Problems on a 3-element set

The Constraint Satisfaction Problem (CSP) provides a common framework for many combinatorial problems. The general CSP is known to be NP-complete; however, certain restrictions on a possible form of constraints may affect the complexity, and lead to tractable problem classes. There is, therefore, a fundamental research direction, aiming to separate ... more >>>

TR02-034 | 18th April 2002
Andrei Bulatov

Mal'tsev constraints are tractable

A wide variety of combinatorial problems can be represented in the form of the Constraint Satisfaction Problem (CSP). The general CSR is known to be NP-complete, however, some restrictions on the possible form of constraints may lead to a tractable subclass. Jeavons and coauthors have shown that the complexity of ... more >>>

TR06-121 | 14th September 2006
Charanjit Jutla

A Simple Biased Distribution for Dinur's Construction

TR06-141 | 22nd November 2006
Venkatesan Guruswami, Kunal Talwar

Hardness of Low Congestion Routing in Directed Graphs

We prove a strong inapproximability result for routing on directed
graphs with low congestion. Given as input a directed graph on $N$
vertices and a set of source-destination pairs that can be connected
via edge-disjoint paths, we prove that it is hard, assuming NP
doesn't have $n^{O(\log\log n)}$ time randomized ... more >>>

TR07-093 | 27th July 2007
Andrei A. Bulatov

The complexity of the counting constraint satisfaction problem

Revisions: 1

The Counting Constraint Satisfaction Problem (#CSP(H)) over a finite
relational structure H can be expressed as follows: given a
relational structure G over the same vocabulary,
determine the number of homomorphisms from G to H.
In this paper we characterize relational structures H for which
#CSP(H) can be solved in ... more >>>

TR11-163 | 2nd December 2011
Libor Barto, Marcin Kozik

Robust Satisfiability of Constraint Satisfaction Problems

An algorithm for a constraint satisfaction problem is called robust if it outputs an assignment satisfying at least $(1-g(\varepsilon))$-fraction of the constraints given a $(1-\varepsilon)$-satisfiable instance, where $g(\varepsilon) \rightarrow 0$ as $\varepsilon \rightarrow 0$, $g(0)=0$.
Guruswami and Zhou conjectured a characterization of constraint languages for which the corresponding constraint satisfaction ... more >>>

TR13-125 | 11th September 2013
Venkatesan Guruswami, Euiwoong Lee

Complexity of approximating CSP with Balance / Hard Constraints

We study two natural extensions of Constraint Satisfaction Problems (CSPs). {\em Balance}-Max-CSP requires that in any feasible assignment each element in the domain is used an equal number of times. An instance of {\em Hard}-Max-CSP consists of {\em soft constraints} and {\em hard constraints}, and the goal is to maximize ... more >>>

TR19-040 | 19th February 2019
Sanjana Kolisetty, Linh Le, Ilya Volkovich, Mihalis Yannakakis

The Complexity of Finding {$S$}-factors in Regular Graphs

A graph $G$ has an \emph{$S$-factor} if there exists a spanning subgraph $F$ of $G$ such that for all $v \in V: \deg_F(v) \in S$.
The simplest example of such factor is a $1$-factor, which corresponds to a perfect matching in a graph. In this paper we study the computational ... more >>>

TR21-086 | 22nd June 2021
Chi-Ning Chou, Alexander Golovnev, Madhu Sudan, Ameya Velingker, Santhoshini Velusamy

Linear Space Streaming Lower Bounds for Approximating CSPs

Revisions: 1

We consider the approximability of constraint satisfaction problems in the streaming setting. For every constraint satisfaction problem (CSP) on $n$ variables taking values in $\{0,\ldots,q-1\}$, we prove that improving over the trivial approximability by a factor of $q$ requires $\Omega(n)$ space even on instances with $O(n)$ constraints. We also identify ... more >>>

TR22-066 | 4th May 2022
Joanna Boyland, Michael Hwang, Tarun Prasad, Noah Singer, Santhoshini Velusamy

On sketching approximations for symmetric Boolean CSPs

A Boolean maximum constraint satisfaction problem, Max-CSP\((f)\), is specified by a predicate \(f:\{-1,1\}^k\to\{0,1\}\). An \(n\)-variable instance of Max-CSP\((f)\) consists of a list of constraints, each of which applies \(f\) to \(k\) distinct literals drawn from the \(n\) variables. For \(k=2\), Chou, Golovnev, and Velusamy [CGV20, FOCS 2020] obtained explicit ratios ... more >>>

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