Alexander A. Sherstov

In a breakthrough result, Razborov (2003) gave optimal

lower bounds on the communication complexity of every function f

of the form f(x,y)=D(|x AND y|) for some D:{0,1,...,n}->{0,1}, in

the bounded-error quantum model with and without prior entanglement.

This was proved by the _multidimensional_ discrepancy method. We

give an entirely ...
more >>>

Henning Wunderlich, Stefan Arnold

We introduce a new lower bound method for bounded-error quantum communication complexity,

the \emph{singular value method (svm)}, based on sums of squared singular values of the

communication matrix, and we compare it with existing methods.

The first finding is a constant factor improvement of lower bounds based on the

spectral ...
more >>>

Bo'az Klartag, Oded Regev

In STOC 1999, Raz presented a (partial) function for which there is a quantum protocol

communicating only $O(\log n)$ qubits, but for which any classical (randomized, bounded-error) protocol requires $\poly(n)$ bits of communication. That quantum protocol requires two rounds of communication. Ever since Raz's paper it was open whether the ...
more >>>

Alexander A. Sherstov

A strong direct product theorem (SDPT) states that solving $n$ instances of a problem requires $\Omega(n)$ times the resources for a single instance, even to achieve success probability $2^{-\Omega(n)}.$ We prove that quantum communication complexity obeys an SDPT whenever the communication lower bound for a single instance is proved by ... more >>>

Mark Braverman, Ankit Garg, Young Kun Ko, Jieming Mao, Dave Touchette

We prove a near optimal round-communication tradeoff for the two-party quantum communication complexity of disjointness. For protocols with $r$ rounds, we prove a lower bound of $\tilde{\Omega}(n/r)$ on the communication required for computing disjointness of input size $n$, which is optimal up to logarithmic factors. The previous best lower bound ... more >>>

Zi-Wen Liu, Christopher Perry, Yechao Zhu, Dax Enshan Koh, Scott Aaronson

We prove the existence of (one-way) communication tasks with a subconstant versus superconstant asymptotic gap, which we call "doubly infinite," between their quantum information and communication complexities. We do so by studying the exclusion game [C. Perry et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 115, 030504 (2015)] for which there exist instances ... more >>>

Anurag Anshu, Aleksandrs Belovs, Shalev Ben-David, Mika G\"o{\"o}s, Rahul Jain, Robin Kothari, Troy Lee, Miklos Santha

While exponential separations are known between quantum and randomized communication complexity for partial functions, e.g. Raz [1999], the best known separation between these measures for a total function is quadratic, witnessed by the disjointness function. We give the first super-quadratic separation between quantum and randomized

communication complexity for a ...
more >>>

Mark Bun, Justin Thaler

The approximate degree of a Boolean function $f \colon \{-1, 1\}^n \rightarrow \{-1, 1\}$ is the least degree of a real polynomial that approximates $f$ pointwise to error at most $1/3$. We introduce a generic method for increasing the approximate degree of a given function, while preserving its computability by ... more >>>

Anurag Anshu, Naresh Boddu, Dave Touchette

In a recent breakthrough result, Chattopadhyay, Mande and Sherif [ECCC TR18-17] showed an exponential separation between the log approximate rank and randomized communication complexity of a total function $f$, hence refuting the log approximate rank conjecture of Lee and Shraibman [2009]. We provide an alternate proof of their randomized communication ... more >>>

Sourav Chakraborty, Arkadev Chattopadhyay, Nikhil Mande, Manaswi Paraashar

Buhrman, Cleve and Wigderson (STOC'98) observed that for every Boolean function $f : \{-1, 1\}^n \to \{-1, 1\}$ and $\bullet : \{-1, 1\}^2 \to \{-1, 1\}$ the two-party bounded-error quantum communication complexity of $(f \circ \bullet)$ is $O(Q(f) \log n)$, where $Q(f)$ is the bounded-error quantum query complexity of $f$. ... more >>>

Rahul Jain, Srijita Kundu

We prove a direct product theorem for the one-way entanglement-assisted quantum communication complexity of a general relation $f\subseteq\mathcal{X}\times\mathcal{Y}\times\mathcal{Z}$. For any $\varepsilon, \zeta > 0$ and any $k\geq1$, we show that

\[ \mathrm{Q}^1_{1-(1-\varepsilon)^{\Omega(\zeta^6k/\log|\mathcal{Z}|)}}(f^k) = \Omega\left(k\left(\zeta^5\cdot\mathrm{Q}^1_{\varepsilon + 12\zeta}(f) - \log\log(1/\zeta)\right)\right),\]

where $\mathrm{Q}^1_{\varepsilon}(f)$ represents the one-way entanglement-assisted quantum communication complexity of $f$ with ...
more >>>

Arkadev Chattopadhyay, Ankit Garg, Suhail Sherif

We give improved separations for the query complexity analogue of the log-approximate-rank conjecture i.e. we show that there are a plethora of total Boolean functions on $n$ input bits, each of which has approximate Fourier sparsity at most $O(n^3)$ and randomized parity decision tree complexity $\Theta(n)$. This improves upon the ... more >>>

Nikhil Mande, Ronald de Wolf

We investigate the randomized and quantum communication complexities of the well-studied Equality function with small error probability $\epsilon$, getting the optimal constant factors in the leading terms in a number of different models.

The following are our results in the randomized model:

1) We give a general technique to convert ... more >>>

Srinivasan A, Uma Girish

We study the advantages of quantum communication models over classical communication models that are equipped with a limited number of qubits of entanglement. In this direction, we give explicit partial functions on $n$ bits for which reducing the entanglement increases the classical communication complexity exponentially. Our separations are as follows. ... more >>>