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Electronic Colloquium on Computational Complexity

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Reports tagged with graph coloring:
TR95-033 | 29th June 1995
Richard Beigel, David Eppstein

3-Coloring in time O(1.3446^n): a no-MIS algorithm

We consider worst case time bounds for NP-complete problems
including 3-SAT, 3-coloring, 3-edge-coloring, and 3-list-coloring.
Our algorithms are based on a common generalization of these problems,
called symbol-system satisfiability or, briefly, SSS [R. Floyd &
R. Beigel, The Language of Machines]. 3-SAT is equivalent to
(2,3)-SSS while the other problems ... more >>>

TR00-062 | 25th August 2000
Venkatesan Guruswami, Johan Håstad, Madhu Sudan

Hardness of approximate hypergraph coloring

We introduce the notion of covering complexity of a probabilistic
verifier. The covering complexity of a verifier on a given input is
the minimum number of proofs needed to ``satisfy'' the verifier on
every random string, i.e., on every random string, at least one of the
given proofs must be ... more >>>

TR00-073 | 28th August 2000
Venkatesan Guruswami, Sanjeev Khanna

On the Hardness of 4-coloring a 3-colorable Graph

We give a new proof showing that it is NP-hard to color a 3-colorable
graph using just four colors. This result is already known (Khanna,
Linial, Safra 1992), but our proof is novel as it does not rely on
the PCP theorem, while the earlier one does. This ... more >>>

TR03-073 | 11th June 2003
Amin Coja-Oghlan

The Lovasz number of random graph

We study the Lovasz number theta along with two further SDP relaxations $\thetI$, $\thetII$
of the independence number and the corresponding relaxations of the
chromatic number on random graphs G(n,p). We prove that \theta is
concentrated about its mean, and that the relaxations of the chromatic
number in the case ... more >>>

TR04-009 | 22nd January 2004
Martin Dyer, Alan Frieze, Thomas P. Hayes, Eric Vigoda

Randomly coloring constant degree graphs

We study a simple Markov chain, known as the Glauber dynamics, for generating a random <i>k</i>-coloring of a <i>n</i>-vertex graph with maximum degree &Delta;. We prove that the dynamics converges to a random coloring after <i>O</i>(<i>n</i> log <i>n</i>) steps assuming <i>k</i> &ge; <i>k</i><sub>0</sub> for some absolute constant <i>k</i><sub>0</sub>, and either: ... more >>>

TR04-012 | 19th December 2003
Paul Beame, Joseph Culberson, David Mitchell, Cristopher Moore

The Resolution Complexity of Random Graph $k$-Colorability

We consider the resolution proof complexity of propositional formulas which encode random instances of graph $k$-colorability. We obtain a tradeoff between the graph density and the resolution proof complexity.
For random graphs with linearly many edges we obtain linear-exponential lower bounds on the length of resolution refutations. For any $\epsilon>0$, ... more >>>

TR08-011 | 21st November 2007
Kazuo Iwama, Suguru Tamaki

The Complexity of the Hajos Calculus for Planar Graphs

The planar Hajos calculus is the Hajos calculus with the restriction that all the graphs that appear in the construction (including a final graph) must be planar. We prove that the planar Hajos calculus is polynomially bounded iff the HajLos calculus is polynomially bounded.

more >>>

TR09-099 | 16th October 2009
Venkatesan Guruswami, Ali Kemal Sinop

Improved Inapproximability Results for Maximum k-Colorable Subgraph

Revisions: 1

We study the maximization version of the fundamental graph coloring problem. Here the goal is to color the vertices of a $k$-colorable graph with $k$ colors so that a maximum fraction of edges are properly colored (i.e., their endpoints receive different colors). A random $k$-coloring properly colors an expected fraction ... more >>>

TR10-111 | 14th July 2010
Venkatesan Guruswami, Ali Kemal Sinop

The complexity of finding independent sets in bounded degree (hyper)graphs of low chromatic number

We prove almost tight hardness results for finding independent sets in bounded degree graphs and hypergraphs that admit a good
coloring. Our specific results include the following (where $\Delta$, assumed to be a constant, is a bound on the degree, and
$n$ is the number of vertices):

... more >>>

TR12-166 | 25th November 2012
Elad Haramaty, Madhu Sudan

Deterministic Compression with Uncertain Priors

We consider the task of compression of information when the source of the information and the destination do not agree on the prior, i.e., the distribution from which the information is being generated. This setting was considered previously by Kalai et al. (ICS 2011) who suggested that this was a ... more >>>

TR13-148 | 26th October 2013
Irit Dinur, Igor Shinkar

On the Conditional Hardness of Coloring a 4-colorable Graph with Super-Constant Number of Colors

For $3 \leq q < Q$ we consider the $\text{ApproxColoring}(q,Q)$ problem of deciding for a given graph $G$ whether $\chi(G) \leq q$ or $\chi(G) \geq Q$. It was show in [DMR06] that the problem $\text{ApproxColoring}(q,Q)$ is NP-hard for $q=3,4$ and arbitrary large constant $Q$ under variants of the Unique Games ... more >>>

TR19-116 | 9th September 2019
Venkatesan Guruswami, Sai Sandeep

$d$-to-$1$ Hardness of Coloring $4$-colorable Graphs with $O(1)$ colors

Revisions: 1

The $d$-to-$1$ conjecture of Khot asserts that it is hard to satisfy an $\epsilon$ fraction of constraints of a satisfiable $d$-to-$1$ Label Cover instance, for arbitrarily small $\epsilon > 0$. We prove that the $d$-to-$1$ conjecture for any fixed $d$ implies the hardness of coloring a $4$-colorable graph with $C$ ... more >>>

TR20-040 | 25th March 2020
Andrei Krokhin, Jakub Opršal, Marcin Wrochna, Stanislav Zivny

Topology and adjunction in promise constraint satisfaction

The approximate graph colouring problem concerns colouring a $k$-colourable
graph with $c$ colours, where $c\geq k$. This problem naturally generalises
to promise graph homomorphism and further to promise constraint satisfaction
problems. Complexity analysis of all these problems is notoriously difficult.
In this paper, we introduce ... more >>>

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