Luca Trevisan

We prove an extremal combinatorial result regarding

the fraction of satisfiable clauses in boolean CNF

formulae enjoying a locally checkable property, thus

solving a problem that has been open for several years.

We then generalize the problem to arbitrary constraint

satisfaction ...
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Pierluigi Crescenzi, Luca Trevisan

We introduce a simple technique to obtain reductions

between optimization constraint satisfaction problems. The

technique uses the probabilistic method to reduce the size of

disjunctions. As a first application, we prove the

MAX NP-completeness of MAX 3SAT without using the PCP theorem

(thus solving an open ...
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Salil Vadhan

In this paper, we give explicit constructions of extractors which work for

a source of any min-entropy on strings of length $n$. The first

construction extracts any constant fraction of the min-entropy using

O(log^2 n) additional random bits. The second extracts all the

min-entropy using O(log^3 n) additional random ...
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Ran Raz, Omer Reingold, Salil Vadhan

We give explicit constructions of extractors which work for a source of

any min-entropy on strings of length n. These extractors can extract any

constant fraction of the min-entropy using O(log^2 n) additional random

bits, and can extract all the min-entropy using O(log^3 n) additional

random bits. Both of these ...
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Rahul Santhanam, Srikanth Srinivasan

Impagliazzo, Paturi and Zane (JCSS 2001) proved a sparsification lemma for $k$-CNFs:

every k-CNF is a sub-exponential size disjunction of $k$-CNFs with a linear

number of clauses. This lemma has subsequently played a key role in the study

of the exact complexity of the satisfiability problem. A natural question is

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Greg Kuperberg, Shachar Lovett, Ron Peled

We show the existence of rigid combinatorial objects which previously were not known to exist. Specifically, for a wide range of the underlying parameters, we show the existence of non-trivial orthogonal arrays, $t$-designs, and $t$-wise permutations. In all cases, the sizes of the objects are optimal up to polynomial overhead. ... more >>>

Venkatesan Guruswami, Srivatsan Narayanan

We prove the following results concerning the combinatorics of list decoding, motivated by the exponential gap between the known upper bound (of $O(1/\gamma)$) and lower bound (of $\Omega_p(\log (1/\gamma))$) for the list-size needed to decode up to radius $p$ with rate $\gamma$ away from capacity, i.e., $1-h(p)-\gamma$ (here $p\in (0,1/2)$ ... more >>>

Mahdi Cheraghchi, Venkatesan Guruswami

Non-malleable codes, introduced by Dziembowski, Pietrzak and Wichs (ICS 2010), encode messages $s$ in a manner so that tampering the codeword causes the decoder to either output $s$ or a message that is independent of $s$. While this is an impossible goal to achieve against unrestricted tampering functions, rather surprisingly ... more >>>

Arman Fazeli, Shachar Lovett, Alex Vardy

A $t$-$(n,k,\lambda)$ design over $\mathbb{F}_q$ is a collection of $k$-dimensional subspaces of $\mathbb{F}_q^n$, ($k$-subspaces, for short), called blocks, such that each $t$-dimensional subspace of $\mathbb{F}_q^n$ is contained in exactly $\lambda$ blocks. Such $t$-designs over $\mathbb{F}_q$ are the $q$-analogs of conventional combinatorial designs. Nontrivial $t$-$(n,k,\lambda)$ designs over $\mathbb{F}_q$ are currently known ... more >>>

William Hoza, Edward Pyne, Salil Vadhan

We prove that the Impagliazzo-Nisan-Wigderson (STOC 1994) pseudorandom generator (PRG) fools ordered (read-once) permutation branching programs of unbounded width with a seed length of $\widetilde{O}(\log d + \log n \cdot \log(1/\varepsilon))$, assuming the program has only one accepting vertex in the final layer. Here, $n$ is the length of the ... more >>>

Ivan Mihajlin, Anastasia Sofronova

We prove that a modification of Andreev's function is not computable by $(3 + \alpha - \varepsilon) \log{n}$ depth De Morgan formula with $(2\alpha - \varepsilon)\log{n}$ layers of AND gates at the top for any $1/5 > \alpha > 0$ and any constant $\varepsilon > 0$. In order to do ... more >>>