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Electronic Colloquium on Computational Complexity

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Reports tagged with PSPACE:
TR96-011 | 29th January 1996
Stephen A. Bloch, Jonathan F. Buss, Judy Goldsmith

Sharply Bounded Alternation within P

We define the sharply bounded hierarchy, SBHQL, a hierarchy of
classes within P, using quasilinear-time computation and
quantification over values of length log n. It generalizes the
limited nondeterminism hierarchy introduced by Buss and Goldsmith,
while retaining the invariance properties. The new hierarchy has
several alternative characterizations.

We define ... more >>>

TR00-012 | 14th February 2000
Ke Yang

Integer Circuit Evaluation is PSPACE-complete

In this paper, we address the problem of evaluating the
Integer Circuit (IC), or the $\{\cup, \times, +\}$-circuit over
the set of natural numbers. The problem is a natural extension
to the integer expression by Stockmeyer and Mayer, and is also studied
by Mckenzie, Vollmer and Wagner in ... more >>>

TR03-028 | 28th February 2003
Olivier Powell

PSPACE contains almost complete problems

An almost complete set A for a complexity class C is a language of C which is not complete, but that has the property that ``many'' languages of C reduce to A, where the term ``many'' is used in reference to Lutz's resource bounded measure (rbm). The question of the ... more >>>

TR08-092 | 26th August 2008
Scott Aaronson, John Watrous

Closed Timelike Curves Make Quantum and Classical Computing Equivalent

While closed timelike curves (CTCs) are not known to exist, studying their consequences has led to nontrivial insights in general relativity, quantum information, and other areas. In this paper we show that if CTCs existed, then quantum computers would be no more powerful than classical computers: both would have the ... more >>>

TR10-137 | 29th August 2010
Or Meir

IP = PSPACE using Error Correcting Codes

Revisions: 5

The IP theorem, which asserts that IP = PSPACE (Lund et. al., and Shamir, in J. ACM 39(4)), is one of the major achievements of complexity theory. The known proofs of the theorem are based on the arithmetization technique, which transforms a quantified Boolean formula into a related polynomial. The ... more >>>

TR10-139 | 17th September 2010
Eric Allender, Luke Friedman, William Gasarch

Limits on the Computational Power of Random Strings

Revisions: 1

Let C(x) and K(x) denote plain and prefix Kolmogorov complexity, respectively, and let R_C and R_K denote the sets of strings that are ``random'' according to these measures; both R_K and R_C are undecidable. Earlier work has shown that every set in NEXP is in NP relative to both R_K ... more >>>

TR11-008 | 27th January 2011
Scott Aaronson, Andrew Drucker

Advice Coins for Classical and Quantum Computation

We study the power of classical and quantum algorithms equipped with nonuniform advice, in the form of a coin whose bias encodes useful information. This question takes on particular importance in the quantum case, due to a surprising result that we prove: a quantum finite automaton with just two states ... more >>>

TR12-054 | 2nd May 2012
Eric Allender, Harry Buhrman, Luke Friedman, Bruno Loff

Reductions to the set of random strings:the resource-bounded case

Revisions: 1

This paper is motivated by a conjecture that BPP can be characterized in terms of polynomial-time nonadaptive reductions to the set of Kolmogorov-random strings. In this paper we show that an approach laid out by [Allender et al] to settle this conjecture cannot succeed without significant alteration, but that it ... more >>>

TR12-077 | 10th June 2012
Chiranjit Chakraborty, Rahul Santhanam

Instance Compression for the Polynomial Hierarchy and Beyond

Comments: 2

We define instance compressibility for parametric problems in PH and PSPACE. We observe that

the problem \Sigma_{i}CircuitSAT of deciding satisfiability of a quantified Boolean circuit with i-1 alternations of quantifiers starting with an existential uantifier is complete for parametric problems in \Sigma_{i}^{p} with respect to W-reductions, and that analogously ... more >>>

TR13-188 | 13th December 2013
Christian Gla├čer, Maximilian Witek

Autoreducibility and Mitoticity of Logspace-Complete Sets for NP and Other Classes

We study the autoreducibility and mitoticity of complete sets for NP and other complexity classes, where the main focus is on logspace reducibilities. In particular, we obtain:
- For NP and all other classes of the PH: each logspace many-one-complete set is logspace Turing-autoreducible.
- For P, the delta-levels of ... more >>>

TR14-176 | 16th December 2014
Eric Allender, Dhiraj Holden, Valentine Kabanets

The Minimum Oracle Circuit Size Problem

We consider variants of the Minimum Circuit Size Problem MCSP, where the goal is to minimize the size of oracle circuits computing a given function. When the oracle is QBF, the resulting problem MCSP$^{QBF}$ is known to be complete for PSPACE under ZPP reductions. We show that it is not ... more >>>

TR17-163 | 2nd November 2017
Michael Forbes, Amir Shpilka

A PSPACE Construction of a Hitting Set for the Closure of Small Algebraic Circuits

In this paper we study the complexity of constructing a hitting set for $\overline{VP}$, the class of polynomials that can be infinitesimally approximated by polynomials that are computed by polynomial sized algebraic circuits, over the real or complex numbers. Specifically, we show that there is a PSPACE algorithm that given ... more >>>

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