Oded Goldreich, Silvio Micali.

We introduce the notion of Interleaved Zero-Knowledge (iZK),

a new security measure for cryptographic protocols which strengthens

the classical notion of zero-knowledge, in a way suitable for multiple

concurrent executions in an asynchronous environment like the internet.

We prove that iZK protocols are robust: they are ``parallelizable'',

and ...
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Ran Canetti, Oded Goldreich, Silvio Micali.

We introduce the notion of Resettable Zero-Knowledge (rZK),

a new security measure for cryptographic protocols

which strengthens the classical notion of zero-knowledge.

In essence, an rZK protocol is one that remains zero knowledge

even if an adeversary can interact with the prover many times, each

time ...
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Boaz Barak, Shien Jin Ong, Salil Vadhan

We give two applications of Nisan--Wigderson-type ("non-cryptographic") pseudorandom generators in cryptography. Specifically, assuming the existence of an appropriate NW-type generator, we construct:

A one-message witness-indistinguishable proof system for every language in NP, based on any trapdoor permutation. This proof system does not assume a shared random string or any ... more >>>

Nir Bitansky, Chethan Kamath, Omer Paneth, Ron Rothblum, Prashant Nalini Vasudevan

Batch proofs are proof systems that convince a verifier that $x_1,\dots, x_t \in L$, for some $NP$ language $L$, with communication that is much shorter than sending the $t$ witnesses. In the case of statistical soundness (where the cheating prover is unbounded but honest prover is efficient), interactive batch proofs ... more >>>