Richard Beigel

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Prior results show that most bounded query hierarchies cannot

contain finite gaps. For example, it is known that

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P<sub>(<i>m</i>+1)-tt</sub><sup>SAT</sup> = P<sub><i>m</i>-tt</sub><sup>SAT</sup> implies P<sub>btt</sub><sup>SAT</sup> = P<sub><i>m</i>-tt</sub><sup>SAT</sup>

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and for all sets <i>A</i>

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<li> FP<sub>(<i>m</i>+1)-tt</sub><sup><i>A</i></sup> = FP<sub><i>m</i>-tt</sub><sup><i>A</i></sup> implies FP<sub>btt</sub><sup><i>A</i></sup> = FP<sub><i>m</i>-tt</sub><sup><i>A</i></sup>

</li>

<li> P<sub>(<i>m</i>+1)-T</sub><sup><i>A</i></sup> = P<sub><i>m</i>-T</sub><sup><i>A</i></sup> implies P<sub>bT</sub><sup><i>A</i></sup> = ...
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Johannes Köbler, Rainer Schuler

We use the assumption that all sets in NP (or other levels

of the polynomial-time hierarchy) have efficient average-case

algorithms to derive collapse consequences for MA, AM, and various

subclasses of P/poly. As a further consequence we show for

C in {P(PP), PSPACE} that ...
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Eric Allender, George Davie, Luke Friedman, Samuel Hopkins, Iddo Tzameret

Can complexity classes be characterized in terms of efficient reducibility to the (undecidable) set of Kolmogorov-random strings? Although this might seem improbable, a series of papers has recently provided evidence that this may be the case. In particular, it is known that there is a class of problems $C$ defined ... more >>>

Eric Allender, Harry Buhrman, Luke Friedman, Bruno Loff

This paper is motivated by a conjecture that BPP can be characterized in terms of polynomial-time nonadaptive reductions to the set of Kolmogorov-random strings. In this paper we show that an approach laid out by [Allender et al] to settle this conjecture cannot succeed without significant alteration, but that it ... more >>>

Nikhil Balaji, Samir Datta

The Sum of Square Roots (SSR) problem is the following computational problem: Given positive integers $a_1, \dots, a_k$, and signs $\delta_1, \dots, \delta_k \in \{-1, 1\}$, check if $\sum_{i=1}^k \delta_i \sqrt{a_i} > 0$. The problem is known to have a polynomial time algorithm on the real RAM model of computation, ... more >>>