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Electronic Colloquium on Computational Complexity

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REPORTS > KEYWORD > QMA:
Reports tagged with QMA:
TR08-051 | 4th April 2008
Scott Aaronson, Salman Beigi, Andrew Drucker, Bill Fefferman, Peter Shor

The Power of Unentanglement

The class QMA(k), introduced by Kobayashi et al., consists
of all languages that can be verified using k unentangled quantum
proofs. Many of the simplest questions about this class have remained
embarrassingly open: for example, can we give any evidence that k
quantum proofs are more powerful than one? Can ... more >>>


TR08-067 | 4th June 2008
Scott Aaronson

On Perfect Completeness for QMA

Whether the class QMA (Quantum Merlin Arthur) is equal to QMA1, or QMA with one-sided error, has been an open problem for years. This note helps to explain why the problem is difficult, by using ideas from real analysis to give a "quantum oracle" relative to which QMA and QMA1 ... more >>>


TR11-001 | 2nd January 2011
Scott Aaronson

Impossibility of Succinct Quantum Proofs for Collision-Freeness

We show that any quantum algorithm to decide whether a function $f:\left[n\right] \rightarrow\left[ n\right] $ is a permutation or far from a permutation\ must make $\Omega\left( n^{1/3}/w\right) $ queries to $f$, even if the algorithm is given a $w$-qubit quantum witness in support of $f$ being a permutation. This implies ... more >>>


TR11-110 | 10th August 2011
Alessandro Chiesa, Michael Forbes

Improved Soundness for QMA with Multiple Provers

Revisions: 1

We present three contributions to the understanding of QMA with multiple provers:

1) We give a tight soundness analysis of the protocol of [Blier and Tapp, ICQNM '09], yielding a soundness gap $\Omega(N^{-2})$, which is the best-known soundness gap for two-prover QMA protocols with logarithmic proof size. Maybe ... more >>>


TR16-109 | 18th July 2016
Scott Aaronson

The Complexity of Quantum States and Transformations: From Quantum Money to Black Holes

This mini-course will introduce participants to an exciting frontier for quantum computing theory: namely, questions involving the computational complexity of preparing a certain quantum state or applying a certain unitary transformation. Traditionally, such questions were considered in the context of the Nonabelian Hidden Subgroup Problem and quantum interactive proof systems, ... more >>>


TR19-015 | 7th February 2019
William Kretschmer

QMA Lower Bounds for Approximate Counting

We prove a query complexity lower bound for $QMA$ protocols that solve approximate counting: estimating the size of a set given a membership oracle. This gives rise to an oracle $A$ such that $SBP^A \not\subset QMA^A$, resolving an open problem of Aaronson [2]. Our proof uses the polynomial method to ... more >>>




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