Weizmann Logo
Electronic Colloquium on Computational Complexity

Under the auspices of the Computational Complexity Foundation (CCF)

Login | Register | Classic Style

Reports tagged with Approximation Resistance:
TR08-009 | 7th December 2007
Per Austrin, Elchanan Mossel

Approximation Resistant Predicates From Pairwise Independence

We study the approximability of predicates on $k$ variables from a
domain $[q]$, and give a new sufficient condition for such predicates
to be approximation resistant under the Unique Games Conjecture.
Specifically, we show that a predicate $P$ is approximation resistant
if there exists a balanced pairwise independent distribution over
more >>>

TR10-132 | 18th August 2010
Mahdi Cheraghchi, Johan Hastad, Marcus Isaksson, Ola Svensson

Approximating Linear Threshold Predicates

We study constraint satisfaction problems on the domain $\{-1,1\}$, where the given constraints are homogeneous linear threshold predicates. That is, predicates of the form $\mathrm{sgn}(w_1 x_1 + \cdots + w_n x_n)$ for some positive integer weights $w_1, \dots, w_n$. Despite their simplicity, current techniques fall short of providing a classification ... more >>>

TR12-074 | 12th June 2012
Venkatesan Guruswami, Yuan Zhou

Approximating Bounded Occurrence Ordering CSPs

A theorem of Håstad shows that for every constraint satisfaction problem (CSP) over a fixed size domain, instances where each variable appears in at most $O(1)$ constraints admit a non-trivial approximation algorithm, in the sense that one can beat (by an additive constant) the approximation ratio achieved by the naive ... more >>>

TR12-110 | 4th September 2012
Siu On Chan

Approximation Resistance from Pairwise Independent Subgroups

We show optimal (up to constant factor) NP-hardness for Max-k-CSP over any domain,
whenever k is larger than the domain size. This follows from our main result concerning predicates
over abelian groups. We show that a predicate is approximation resistant if it contains a subgroup that
is ... more >>>

TR12-145 | 31st October 2012
Cenny Wenner

Circumventing d-to-1 for Approximation Resistance of Satisfiable Predicates Strictly Containing Parity of Width at Least Four

Håstad established that any predicate $P \subseteq \{0,1\}^m$ containing parity of width at least three is approximation resistant for almost satisfiable instances. However, in comparison to for example the approximation hardness of Max-3SAT, the result only holds for almost satisfiable instances. This limitation was addressed by O'Donnell, Wu, and Huang ... more >>>

TR12-151 | 6th November 2012
Subhash Khot, Madhur Tulsiani, Pratik Worah

The Complexity of Somewhat Approximation Resistant Predicates

Revisions: 1

A boolean predicate $f:\{0,1\}^k\to\{0,1\}$ is said to be {\em somewhat approximation resistant} if for some constant $\tau > \frac{|f^{-1}(1)|}{2^k}$, given a $\tau$-satisfiable instance of the MAX-$k$-CSP$(f)$ problem, it is NP-hard to find an assignment that {\it strictly beats} the naive algorithm that outputs a uniformly random assignment. Let $\tau(f)$ denote ... more >>>

TR13-075 | 23rd May 2013
Subhash Khot, Madhur Tulsiani, Pratik Worah

A Characterization of Strong Approximation Resistance

For a predicate $f:\{-1,1\}^k \mapsto \{0,1\}$ with $\rho(f) = \frac{|f^{-1}(1)|}{2^k}$, we call the predicate strongly approximation resistant if given a near-satisfiable instance of CSP$(f)$, it is computationally hard to find an assignment such that the fraction of constraints satisfied is outside the range $[\rho(f)-\Omega(1), \rho(f)+\Omega(1)]$.

We present a characterization of ... more >>>

TR13-146 | 20th October 2013
Subhash Khot, Madhur Tulsiani, Pratik Worah

A Characterization of Approximation Resistance

Revisions: 1

A predicate $f:\{-1,1\}^k \mapsto \{0,1\}$ with $\rho(f) = \frac{|f^{-1}(1)|}{2^k}$ is called {\it approximation resistant} if given a near-satisfiable instance of CSP$(f)$, it is computationally hard to find an assignment that satisfies at least $\rho(f)+\Omega(1)$ fraction of the constraints.

We present a complete characterization of approximation resistant predicates under the ... more >>>

TR15-105 | 21st June 2015
Venkatesan Guruswami, Euiwoong Lee

Towards a Characterization of Approximation Resistance for Symmetric CSPs

A Boolean constraint satisfaction problem (CSP) is called approximation resistant if independently setting variables to $1$ with some probability $\alpha$ achieves the best possible approximation ratio for the fraction of constraints satisfied. We study approximation resistance of a natural subclass of CSPs that we call Symmetric Constraint Satisfaction Problems (SCSPs), ... more >>>

ISSN 1433-8092 | Imprint