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Electronic Colloquium on Computational Complexity

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Reports tagged with Secure computation:
TR04-063 | 23rd July 2004
Yehuda Lindell, Benny Pinkas

A Proof of Yao's Protocol for Secure Two-Party Computation

Revisions: 1

In the mid 1980's, Yao presented a constant-round protocol for
securely computing any two-party functionality in the presence of
semi-honest adversaries (FOCS 1986). In this paper, we provide a
complete description of Yao's protocol, along with a rigorous
proof of security. Despite the importance of Yao's protocol to the
field ... more >>>

TR05-141 | 29th November 2005
Amos Beimel, Paz Carmi, Kobbi Nissim, Enav Weinreb

Private Approximation of Search Problems

Many approximation algorithms have been presented in the last decades
for hard search problems. The focus of this paper is on cryptographic
applications, where it is desired to design algorithms which do not
leak unnecessary information. Specifically, we are interested in
private approximation algorithms -- efficient algorithms ... more >>>

TR13-143 | 19th October 2013
Yuval Ishai, Eyal Kushilevitz, Xin Li, Rafail Ostrovsky, Manoj Prabhakaran, Amit Sahai, David Zuckerman

Robust Pseudorandom Generators

Revisions: 1

Let $G:\{0,1\}^n\to\{0,1\}^m$ be a pseudorandom generator. We say that a circuit implementation of $G$ is $(k,q)$-robust if for every set $S$ of at most $k$ wires anywhere in the circuit, there is a set $T$ of at most $q|S|$ outputs, such that conditioned on the values of $S$ and $T$ ... more >>>

TR15-056 | 3rd April 2015
Sanjam Garg, Steve Lu, Rafail Ostrovsky

Black-Box Garbled RAM

Garbled RAM, introduced by Lu and Ostrovsky, enables the task of garbling a RAM (Random Access Machine) program directly, there by avoiding the inefficient process of first converting it into a circuit. Garbled RAM can be seen as a RAM analogue of Yao's garbled circuit construction, except that known realizations ... more >>>

TR15-061 | 14th April 2015
Benny Applebaum, Jonathan Avron, Christina Brzuska

Arithmetic Cryptography

Revisions: 1

We study the possibility of computing cryptographic primitives in a fully-black-box arithmetic model over a finite field F. In this model, the input to a cryptographic primitive (e.g., encryption scheme) is given as a sequence of field elements, the honest parties are implemented by arithmetic circuits which make only a ... more >>>

TR17-038 | 23rd February 2017
Benny Applebaum, Barak Arkis, Pavel Raykov, Prashant Nalini Vasudevan

Conditional Disclosure of Secrets: Amplification, Closure, Amortization, Lower-bounds, and Separations

Revisions: 1

In the \emph{conditional disclosure of secrets} problem (Gertner et al., J. Comput. Syst. Sci., 2000) Alice and Bob, who hold inputs $x$ and $y$ respectively, wish to release a common secret $s$ to Carol (who knows both $x$ and $y$) if only if the input $(x,y)$ satisfies some predefined predicate ... more >>>

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