Scott Aaronson

Theoretical computer scientists have been debating the role of

oracles since the 1970's. This paper illustrates both that oracles

can give us nontrivial insights about the barrier problems in

circuit complexity, and that they need not prevent us from trying to

solve those problems.

First, we ... more >>>

Alexander A. Sherstov

The communication complexity of $F$ with unbounded error is the limit of the $\epsilon$-error randomized complexity of $F$ as $\epsilon\to1/2.$ Communication complexity with weakly bounded error is defined similarly but with an additive penalty term that depends on $1/2-\epsilon$. Explicit functions are known whose two-party communication complexity with unbounded error ... more >>>

Adam Bouland, Lijie Chen, Dhiraj Holden, Justin Thaler, Prashant Nalini Vasudevan

In both query and communication complexity, we give separations between the class NISZK, containing those problems with non-interactive statistical zero knowledge proof systems, and the class UPP, containing those problems with randomized algorithms with unbounded error. These results significantly improve on earlier query separations of Vereschagin [Ver95] and Aaronson [Aar12] ... more >>>

Alexander A. Sherstov

We study the approximation of halfspaces $h:\{0,1\}^n\to\{0,1\}$ in the infinity norm by polynomials and rational functions of any given degree. Our main result is an explicit construction of the "hardest" halfspace, for which we prove polynomial and rational approximation lower bounds that match the trivial upper bounds achievable for all ... more >>>