Thomas Holenstein

Assume that Alice and Bob, given an authentic channel, have a protocol where they end up with a bit S_A and S_B, respectively, such that with probability (1+eps)/2 these bits are equal. Further assume that conditioned on the event S_A = S_B no polynomial time bounded algorithm can predict the ... more >>>

Iftach Haitner, Eran Omri, Hila Zarosim

In the random oracle model, the parties are given oracle access to a random member of

a (typically huge) function family, and are assumed to have unbounded computational power

(though they can only make a bounded number of oracle queries). This model provides powerful

properties that allow proving the security ...
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Iftach Haitner, Noam Mazor, Rotem Oshman, Omer Reingold, Amir Yehudayoff

Key-agreement protocols whose security is proven in the random oracle model are an important alternative to the more common public-key based key-agreement protocols. In the random oracle model, the parties and the eavesdropper have access to a shared random function (an "oracle"), but they are limited in the number of ... more >>>

Iftach Haitner, Kobbi Nissim, Eran Omri, Ronen Shaltiel, Jad Silbak

Let $\pi$ be an efficient two-party protocol that given security parameter $\kappa$, both parties output single bits $X_\kappa$ and $Y_\kappa$, respectively. We are interested in how $(X_\kappa,Y_\kappa)$ ``appears'' to an efficient adversary that only views the transcript $T_\kappa$. We make the following contributions:

\begin{itemize}

\item We develop new tools to ...
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Iftach Haitner, Nikolaos Makriyannis, Eran Omri

A two-party coin-flipping protocol is $\varepsilon$-fair if no efficient adversary can bias the output of the honest party (who always outputs a bit, even if the other party aborts) by more than $\varepsilon$. Cleve [STOC '86] showed that $r$-round $o(1/r)$-fair coin-flipping protocols do not exist. Awerbuch et al. [Manuscript '85] ... more >>>

Mi-Ying Huang, Xinyu Mao, Guangxu Yang, Jiapeng Zhang

Constructing key-agreement protocols in the random oracle model (ROM) is a viable method to assess the feasibility of developing public-key cryptography within Minicrypt. Unfortunately, as shown by Impagliazzo and Rudich (STOC 1989) and Barak and Mahmoody (Crypto 2009), such protocols can only guarantee limited security: any $\ell$-query protocol can be ... more >>>