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Electronic Colloquium on Computational Complexity

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Reports tagged with Information Theoretic:
TR14-069 | 5th May 2014
Shashank Agrawal, Divya Gupta, Hemanta Maji, Omkant Pandey, Manoj Prabhakaran

Explicit Non-Malleable Codes Resistant to Permutations

The notion of non-malleable codes was introduced as a relaxation of standard error-correction and error-detection. Informally, a code is non-malleable if the message contained in a modified codeword is either the original message, or a completely unrelated value.

In the information theoretic setting, although existence of such codes for various ... more >>>

TR17-076 | 21st April 2017
Tianren Liu, Vinod Vaikuntanathan, Hoeteck Wee

New Protocols for Conditional Disclosure of Secrets (and More)

Revisions: 2

We present new protocols for conditional disclosure of secrets (CDS),
where two parties want to disclose a secret to a third party if and
only if their respective inputs satisfy some predicate.

- For general predicates $\text{pred} : [N] \times [N] \rightarrow \{0,1\}$,
we present two protocols that achieve ... more >>>

TR17-149 | 7th October 2017
Or Meir, Avi Wigderson

Prediction from Partial Information and Hindsight, with Application to Circuit Lower Bounds

Revisions: 5

Consider a random sequence of $n$ bits that has entropy at least $n-k$, where $k\ll n$. A commonly used observation is that an average coordinate of this random sequence is close to being uniformly distributed, that is, the coordinate “looks random”. In this work, we prove a stronger result that ... more >>>

TR17-191 | 15th December 2017
Alexander Smal, Navid Talebanfard

Prediction from Partial Information and Hindsight, an Alternative Proof

Revisions: 2

Let $X$ be a random variable distributed over $n$-bit strings with $H(X) \ge n - k$, where $k \ll n$. Using subadditivity we know that a random coordinate looks random. Meir and Wigderson [TR17-149] showed a random coordinate looks random to an adversary who is allowed to query around $n/k$ ... more >>>

TR21-052 | 12th April 2021
Benny Applebaum, Oded Nir

Upslices, Downslices, and Secret-Sharing with Complexity of $1.5^n$

A secret-sharing scheme allows to distribute a secret $s$ among $n$ parties such that only some predefined ``authorized'' sets of parties can reconstruct the secret, and all other ``unauthorized'' sets learn nothing about $s$.
The collection of authorized/unauthorized sets can be captured by a monotone function $f:\{0,1\}^n\rightarrow \{0,1\}$.
more >>>

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