Revision #2 Authors: Zeev Dvir, Alexander Golovnev, Omri Weinstein

Accepted on: 14th February 2019 01:36

Downloads: 388

Keywords:

We show that static data structure lower bounds in the group (linear) model imply semi-explicit lower bounds on matrix rigidity. In particular, we prove that an explicit lower bound of $t \geq \omega(\log^2 n)$ on the cell-probe complexity of linear data structures in the group model, even against arbitrarily small linear space $(s= (1+\varepsilon)n)$, would already imply a semi-explicit ($P^{NP}$) construction of rigid matrices with significantly better parameters than the current state of art (Alon, Panigrahy and Yekhanin, 2009). Our results further assert that polynomial ($t\geq n^{\delta}$) data structure lower bounds against near-optimal space, would imply super-linear circuit lower bounds for log-depth linear circuits (a four-decade open question). In the succinct space regime $(s=n+o(n))$, we show that any improvement on current cell-probe lower bounds in the linear model would also imply new rigidity bounds. Our results rely on a new connection between the "inner" and "outer" dimensions of a matrix (Paturi and Pudlak, 2006), and on a new reduction from worst-case to average-case rigidity, which is of independent interest.

Revision #1 Authors: Zeev Dvir, Alexander Golovnev, Omri Weinstein

Accepted on: 14th November 2018 21:29

Downloads: 381

Keywords:

We show that static data structure lower bounds in the group (linear) model imply semi-explicit lower bounds on matrix rigidity. In particular, we prove that an explicit lower bound of $t \geq \omega(\log^2 n)$ on the cell-probe complexity of linear data structures in the group model, even against arbitrarily small linear space $(s= (1+\varepsilon)n)$, would already imply a semi-explicit ($P^{NP}$) construction of rigid matrices with significantly better parameters than the current state of art (Alon, Panigrahy and Yekhanin, 2009). Our results further assert that polynomial ($t\geq n^{\delta}$) data structure lower bounds against near-optimal space, would imply super-linear circuit lower bounds for log-depth linear circuits (a four-decade open question). In the succinct space regime $(s=n+o(n))$, we show that any improvement on current cell-probe lower bounds in the linear model would also imply new rigidity bounds. Our results rely on a new connection between the "inner" and "outer" dimensions of a matrix (Paturi and Pudlak, 2006), and on a new reduction from worst-case to average-case rigidity, which is of independent interest.

Added a comparison with related work (including Viola 2018).

TR18-188 Authors: Zeev Dvir, Alexander Golovnev, Omri Weinstein

Publication: 7th November 2018 03:05

Downloads: 459

Keywords:

We show that static data structure lower bounds in the group (linear) model imply semi-explicit lower bounds on matrix rigidity. In particular, we prove that an explicit lower bound of $t \geq \omega(\log^2 n)$ on the cell-probe complexity of linear data structures in the group model, even against arbitrarily small linear space $(s= (1+\varepsilon)n)$, would already imply a semi-explicit ($P^{NP}$) construction of rigid matrices with significantly better parameters than the current state of art (Alon, Panigrahy and Yekhanin, 2009). Our results further assert that polynomial ($t\geq n^{\delta}$) data structure lower bounds against near-optimal space, would imply super-linear circuit lower bounds for log-depth linear circuits (a four-decade open question). In the succinct space regime $(s=n+o(n))$, we show that any improvement on current cell-probe lower bounds in the linear model would also imply new rigidity bounds. Our results rely on a new connection between the "inner" and "outer" dimensions of a matrix (Paturi and Pudlak, 2006), and on a new reduction from worst-case to average-case rigidity, which is of independent interest.