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Electronic Colloquium on Computational Complexity

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All reports by Author Oded Regev:

TR21-178 | 3rd December 2021
Srinivasan Arunachalam, Oded Regev, Penghui Yao

On the Gaussian surface area of spectrahedra

We show that for sufficiently large $n\geq 1$ and $d=C n^{3/4}$ for some universal constant $C>0$, a random spectrahedron with matrices drawn from Gaussian orthogonal ensemble has Gaussian surface area $\Theta(n^{1/8})$ with high probability.

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TR20-080 | 19th May 2020
Joan Bruna, Oded Regev, Min Jae Song, Yi Tang

Continuous LWE

Revisions: 1

We introduce a continuous analogue of the Learning with Errors (LWE) problem, which we name CLWE. We give a polynomial-time quantum reduction from worst-case lattice problems to CLWE, showing that CLWE enjoys similar hardness guarantees to those of LWE. Alternatively, our result can also be seen as opening new avenues ... more >>>

TR20-057 | 20th April 2020
Alexander Golovnev, Gleb Posobin, Oded Regev, Omri Weinstein

Polynomial Data Structure Lower Bounds in the Group Model

Revisions: 1

Proving super-logarithmic data structure lower bounds in the static \emph{group model} has been a fundamental challenge in computational geometry since the early 80's. We prove a polynomial ($n^{\Omega(1)}$) lower bound for an explicit range counting problem of $n^3$ convex polygons in $\R^2$ (each with $n^{\tilde{O}(1)}$ facets/semialgebraic-complexity), against linear storage arithmetic ... more >>>

TR16-110 | 19th July 2016
Alexander Golovnev, Oded Regev, Omri Weinstein

The Minrank of Random Graphs

Revisions: 1

The minrank of a graph $G$ is the minimum rank of a matrix $M$ that can be obtained from the adjacency matrix of $G$ by switching ones to zeros (i.e., deleting edges) and setting all diagonal entries to one. This quantity is closely related to the fundamental information-theoretic problems of ... more >>>

TR15-082 | 13th May 2015
Boaz Barak, Ankur Moitra, Ryan O'Donnell, Prasad Raghavendra, Oded Regev, David Steurer, Luca Trevisan, Aravindan Vijayaraghavan, David Witmer, John Wright

Beating the random assignment on constraint satisfaction problems of bounded degree

We show that for any odd $k$ and any instance of the Max-kXOR constraint satisfaction problem, there is an efficient algorithm that finds an assignment satisfying at least a $\frac{1}{2} + \Omega(1/\sqrt{D})$ fraction of constraints, where $D$ is a bound on the number of constraints that each variable occurs in. ... more >>>

TR10-143 | 19th September 2010
Bo'az Klartag, Oded Regev

Quantum One-Way Communication is Exponentially Stronger Than Classical Communication

In STOC 1999, Raz presented a (partial) function for which there is a quantum protocol
communicating only $O(\log n)$ qubits, but for which any classical (randomized, bounded-error) protocol requires $\poly(n)$ bits of communication. That quantum protocol requires two rounds of communication. Ever since Raz's paper it was open whether the ... more >>>

TR10-140 | 17th September 2010
Amit Chakrabarti, Oded Regev

An Optimal Lower Bound on the Communication Complexity of Gap-Hamming-Distance

We prove an optimal $\Omega(n)$ lower bound on the randomized
communication complexity of the much-studied
Gap-Hamming-Distance problem. As a consequence, we
obtain essentially optimal multi-pass space lower bounds in the
data stream model for a number of fundamental problems, including
the estimation of frequency moments.

The Gap-Hamming-Distance problem is a ... more >>>

TR05-039 | 13th April 2005
Irit Dinur, Elchanan Mossel, Oded Regev

Conditional Hardness for Approximate Coloring

We study the approximate-coloring(q,Q) problem: Given a graph G, decide
whether \chi(G) \le q or \chi(G)\ge Q. We derive conditional
hardness for this problem for any constant 3\le q < Q. For q \ge
4, our result is based on Khot's 2-to-1 conjecture [Khot'02].
For q=3, we base our hardness ... more >>>

TR03-070 | 19th August 2003
Amit Chakrabarti, Oded Regev

An Optimal Randomised Cell Probe Lower Bound for Approximate Nearest Neighbour Searching

We consider the approximate nearest neighbour search problem on the
Hamming Cube $\b^d$. We show that a randomised cell probe algorithm that
uses polynomial storage and word size $d^{O(1)}$ requires a worst case
query time of $\Omega(\log\log d/\log\log\log d)$. The approximation
factor may be as loose as $2^{\log^{1-\eta}d}$ for any ... more >>>

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