All reports by Author Ben Lee Volk:

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TR24-043
| 4th March 2024
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Mrinal Kumar, Varun Ramanathan, Ramprasad Saptharishi, Ben Lee Volk#### Towards Deterministic Algorithms for Constant-Depth Factors of Constant-Depth Circuits

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TR24-028
| 19th February 2024
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Ashish Dwivedi, Zeyu Guo, Ben Lee Volk#### Optimal Pseudorandom Generators for Low-Degree Polynomials Over Moderately Large Fields

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TR23-115
| 8th August 2023
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Abhranil Chatterjee, Mrinal Kumar, Ben Lee Volk#### Determinants vs. Algebraic Branching Programs

Revisions: 1

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TR22-169
| 26th November 2022
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Zeyu Guo, Ben Lee Volk, Akhil Jalan, David Zuckerman#### Extractors for Images of Varieties

Revisions: 1

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TR22-125
| 9th September 2022
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Shir Peleg, Amir Shpilka, Ben Lee Volk#### Tensor Reconstruction Beyond Constant Rank

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TR21-077
| 6th June 2021
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Shir Peleg, Amir Shpilka, Ben Lee Volk#### Lower Bounds on Stabilizer Rank

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TR20-129
| 5th September 2020
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Mrinal Kumar, Ben Lee Volk#### A Lower Bound on Determinantal Complexity

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TR20-041
| 29th March 2020
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Mrinal Kumar, Ben Lee Volk#### A Polynomial Degree Bound on Defining Equations of Non-rigid Matrices and Small Linear Circuits

Revisions: 2

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TR19-170
| 27th November 2019
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Prerona Chatterjee, Mrinal Kumar, Adrian She, Ben Lee Volk#### A Quadratic Lower Bound for Algebraic Branching Programs

Revisions: 3

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TR19-047
| 2nd April 2019
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Mrinal Kumar, Ben Lee Volk#### Lower Bounds for Matrix Factorization

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TR17-124
| 6th August 2017
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Mrinal Kumar, Ben Lee Volk#### An Almost Quadratic Lower Bound for Syntactically Multilinear Arithmetic Circuits

Revisions: 2

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TR17-122
| 28th July 2017
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Rohit Gurjar, Ben Lee Volk#### Pseudorandom Bits for Oblivious Branching Programs

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TR17-007
| 19th January 2017
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Michael Forbes, Amir Shpilka, Ben Lee Volk#### Succinct Hitting Sets and Barriers to Proving Algebraic Circuits Lower Bounds

Revisions: 1

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TR15-184
| 21st November 2015
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Matthew Anderson, Michael Forbes, Ramprasad Saptharishi, Amir Shpilka, Ben Lee Volk#### Identity Testing and Lower Bounds for Read-$k$ Oblivious Algebraic Branching Programs

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TR14-157
| 27th November 2014
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Rafael Mendes de Oliveira, Amir Shpilka, Ben Lee Volk#### Subexponential Size Hitting Sets for Bounded Depth Multilinear Formulas

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TR13-049
| 1st April 2013
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Amir Shpilka, Ben Lee Volk, Avishay Tal#### On the Structure of Boolean Functions with Small Spectral Norm

Revisions: 1

Mrinal Kumar, Varun Ramanathan, Ramprasad Saptharishi, Ben Lee Volk

We design a deterministic subexponential time algorithm that takes as input a multivariate polynomial $f$ computed by a constant-depth circuit over rational numbers, and outputs a list $L$ of circuits (of unbounded depth and possibly with division gates) that contains all irreducible factors of $f$ computable by constant-depth circuits. This ... more >>>

Ashish Dwivedi, Zeyu Guo, Ben Lee Volk

We construct explicit pseudorandom generators that fool $n$-variate polynomials of degree at most $d$ over a finite field $\mathbb{F}_q$. The seed length of our generators is $O(d \log n + \log q)$, over fields of size exponential in $d$ and characteristic at least $d(d-1)+1$. Previous constructions such as Bogdanov's (STOC ... more >>>

Abhranil Chatterjee, Mrinal Kumar, Ben Lee Volk

We show that for every homogeneous polynomial of degree $d$, if it has determinantal complexity at most $s$, then it can be computed by a homogeneous algebraic branching program (ABP) of size at most $O(d^5s)$. Moreover, we show that for \textit{most} homogeneous polynomials, the width of the resulting homogeneous ABP ... more >>>

Zeyu Guo, Ben Lee Volk, Akhil Jalan, David Zuckerman

We construct explicit deterministic extractors for polynomial images of varieties, that is, distributions sampled by applying a low-degree polynomial map $f : \mathbb{F}_q^r \to \mathbb{F}_q^n$ to an element sampled uniformly at random from a $k$-dimensional variety $V \subseteq \mathbb{F}_q^r$. This class of sources generalizes both polynomial sources, studied by Dvir, ... more >>>

Shir Peleg, Amir Shpilka, Ben Lee Volk

We give reconstruction algorithms for subclasses of depth-$3$ arithmetic circuits. In particular, we obtain the first efficient algorithm for finding tensor rank, and an optimal tensor decomposition as a sum of rank-one tensors, when given black-box access to a tensor of super-constant rank. Specifically, we obtain the following results:

1. ... more >>>

Shir Peleg, Amir Shpilka, Ben Lee Volk

The stabilizer rank of a quantum state $\psi$ is the minimal $r$ such that $\left| \psi \right \rangle = \sum_{j=1}^r c_j \left|\varphi_j \right\rangle$ for $c_j \in \mathbb{C}$ and stabilizer states $\varphi_j$. The running time of several classical simulation methods for quantum circuits is determined by the stabilizer rank of the ... more >>>

Mrinal Kumar, Ben Lee Volk

The determinantal complexity of a polynomial $P \in \mathbb{F}[x_1, \ldots, x_n]$ over a field $\mathbb{F}$ is the dimension of the smallest matrix $M$ whose entries are affine functions in $\mathbb{F}[x_1, \ldots, x_n]$ such that $P = Det(M)$. We prove that the determinantal complexity of the polynomial $\sum_{i = 1}^n x_i^n$ ... more >>>

Mrinal Kumar, Ben Lee Volk

We show that there is a defining equation of degree at most poly(n) for the (Zariski closure of the) set of the non-rigid matrices: that is, we show that for every large enough field $\mathbb{F}$, there is a non-zero $n^2$-variate polynomial $P \in \mathbb{F}(x_{1, 1}, \ldots, x_{n, n})$ of degree ... more >>>

Prerona Chatterjee, Mrinal Kumar, Adrian She, Ben Lee Volk

We show that any Algebraic Branching Program (ABP) computing the polynomial $\sum_{i = 1}^n x_i^n$ has at least $\Omega(n^2)$ vertices. This improves upon the lower bound of $\Omega(n\log n)$, which follows from the classical result of Baur and Strassen [Str73, BS83], and extends the results by Kumar [Kum19], which showed ... more >>>

Mrinal Kumar, Ben Lee Volk

We study the problem of constructing explicit families of matrices which cannot be expressed as a product of a few sparse matrices. In addition to being a natural mathematical question on its own, this problem appears in various incarnations in computer science; the most significant being in the context of ... more >>>

Mrinal Kumar, Ben Lee Volk

We prove a lower bound of $\Omega(n^2/\log^2 n)$ on the size of any syntactically multilinear arithmetic circuit computing some explicit multilinear polynomial $f(x_1, \ldots, x_n)$. Our approach expands and improves upon a result of Raz, Shpilka and Yehudayoff [RSY08], who proved a lower bound of $\Omega(n^{4/3}/\log^2 n)$ for the same ... more >>>

Rohit Gurjar, Ben Lee Volk

We construct a pseudorandom generator which fools read-$k$ oblivious branching programs and, more generally, any linear length oblivious branching program, assuming that the sequence according to which the bits are read is known in advance. For polynomial width branching programs, the seed lengths in our constructions are $\tilde{O}(n^{1-1/2^{k-1}})$ (for the ... more >>>

Michael Forbes, Amir Shpilka, Ben Lee Volk

We formalize a framework of algebraically natural lower bounds for algebraic circuits. Just as with the natural proofs notion of Razborov and Rudich for boolean circuit lower bounds, our notion of algebraically natural lower bounds captures nearly all lower bound techniques known. However, unlike the boolean setting, there has been ... more >>>

Matthew Anderson, Michael Forbes, Ramprasad Saptharishi, Amir Shpilka, Ben Lee Volk

Read-$k$ oblivious algebraic branching programs are a natural generalization of the well-studied model of read-once oblivious algebraic branching program (ROABPs).

In this work, we give an exponential lower bound of $\exp(n/k^{O(k)})$ on the width of any read-$k$ oblivious ABP computing some explicit multilinear polynomial $f$ that is computed by a ...
more >>>

Rafael Mendes de Oliveira, Amir Shpilka, Ben Lee Volk

In this paper we give subexponential size hitting sets for bounded depth multilinear arithmetic formulas. Using the known relation between black-box PIT and lower bounds we obtain lower bounds for these models.

For depth-3 multilinear formulas, of size $\exp(n^\delta)$, we give a hitting set of size $\exp(\tilde{O}(n^{2/3 + 2\delta/3}))$. ... more >>>

Amir Shpilka, Ben Lee Volk, Avishay Tal

In this paper we prove results regarding Boolean functions with small spectral norm (the spectral norm of $f$ is $\|\hat{f}\|_1=\sum_{\alpha}|\hat{f}(\alpha)|$). Specifically, we prove the following results for functions $f:\{0,1\}^n\to \{0,1\}$ with $\|\hat{f}\|_1=A$.

1. There is a subspace $V$ of co-dimension at most $A^2$ such that $f|_V$ is constant.

2. ... more >>>