Weizmann Logo
Electronic Colloquium on Computational Complexity

Under the auspices of the Computational Complexity Foundation (CCF)

Login | Register | Classic Style

Reports tagged with Commitment Schemes:
TR99-024 | 25th June 1999
Oded Goldreich, Silvio Micali.

Interleaved Zero-Knowledge in the Public-Key Model.

Revisions: 1 , Comments: 1

We introduce the notion of Interleaved Zero-Knowledge (iZK),
a new security measure for cryptographic protocols which strengthens
the classical notion of zero-knowledge, in a way suitable for multiple
concurrent executions in an asynchronous environment like the internet.
We prove that iZK protocols are robust: they are ``parallelizable'',
and ... more >>>

TR99-042 | 24th October 1999
Ran Canetti, Oded Goldreich, Silvio Micali.

Resettable Zero-Knowledge.

Revisions: 1

We introduce the notion of Resettable Zero-Knowledge (rZK),
a new security measure for cryptographic protocols
which strengthens the classical notion of zero-knowledge.
In essence, an rZK protocol is one that remains zero knowledge
even if an adeversary can interact with the prover many times, each
time ... more >>>

TR02-045 | 8th July 2002
Daniele Micciancio, Erez Petrank

Efficient and Concurrent Zero-Knowledge from any public coin HVZK protocol

We show how to efficiently transform any public coin honest verifier
zero knowledge proof system into a proof system that is concurrent
zero-knowledge with respect to any (possibly cheating) verifier via
black box simulation. By efficient we mean that our transformation
incurs only an additive overhead, ... more >>>

TR05-114 | 9th October 2005
Boaz Barak, Shien Jin Ong, Salil Vadhan

Derandomization in Cryptography

We give two applications of Nisan--Wigderson-type ("non-cryptographic") pseudorandom generators in cryptography. Specifically, assuming the existence of an appropriate NW-type generator, we construct:

A one-message witness-indistinguishable proof system for every language in NP, based on any trapdoor permutation. This proof system does not assume a shared random string or any ... more >>>

TR08-068 | 3rd July 2008
Lior Malka

Instance-Dependent Commitment Schemes and the Round Complexity of Perfect Zero-Knowledge Proofs

We study the question whether the number of rounds in public-coin perfect zero-knowledge (PZK) proofs can be collapsed to a constant. Despite extensive research into the round complexity of interactive
and zero-knowledge protocols, there is no indication how to address this question. Furthermore, the main tool to tackle this question ... more >>>

TR09-045 | 20th May 2009
Iftach Haitner, Omer Reingold, Salil Vadhan, Hoeteck Wee

Inaccessible Entropy

We put forth a new computational notion of entropy, which measures the
(in)feasibility of sampling high entropy strings that are consistent
with a given protocol. Specifically, we say that the i'th round of a
protocol (A, B) has _accessible entropy_ at most k, if no
polynomial-time strategy A^* can generate ... more >>>

ISSN 1433-8092 | Imprint