Eli Ben-Sasson, Prahladh Harsha

We present a simple proof of the bounded-depth Frege lower bounds of

Pitassi et. al. and Krajicek et. al. for the pigeonhole

principle. Our method uses the interpretation of proofs as two player

games given by Pudlak and Buss. Our lower bound is conceptually

simpler than previous ones, and relies ...
more >>>

Emanuele Viola

We exhibit an explicitly computable `pseudorandom' generator stretching $l$ bits into $m(l) = l^{\Omega(\log l)}$ bits that look random to constant-depth circuits of size $m(l)$ with $\log m(l)$ arbitrary symmetric gates (e.g. PARITY, MAJORITY). This improves on a generator by Luby, Velickovic and Wigderson (ISTCS '93) that achieves the same ... more >>>

Luca Trevisan

We describe a new pseudorandom generator for AC0. Our generator $\epsilon$-fools circuits of depth $d$ and size $M$ and uses a seed of length $\tilde O( \log^{d+4} M/\epsilon)$. The previous best construction for $d \geq 3$ was due to Nisan, and had seed length $O(\log^{2d+6} M/\epsilon)$.

A seed length of ...
more >>>

Oded Goldreich, Avi Wigderson

{\em Does derandomization of probabilistic algorithms become easier when the number of ``bad'' random inputs is extremely small?}

In relation to the above question, we put forward the following {\em quantified derandomization challenge}:

For a class of circuits $\cal C$ (e.g., P/poly or $AC^0,AC^0[2]$) and a bounding function $B:\N\to\N$ (e.g., ...
more >>>

Johan Håstad

We prove that a small-depth Frege refutation of the Tseitin contradiction

on the grid requires subexponential size.

We conclude that polynomial size Frege refutations

of the Tseitin contradiction must use formulas of almost

logarithmic depth.

Marshall Ball, Dana Dachman-Soled, Siyao Guo, Tal Malkin, Li-Yang Tan

We construct efficient, unconditional non-malleable codes that are secure against tampering functions computed by small-depth circuits. For constant-depth circuits of polynomial size (i.e.~$\mathsf{AC^0}$ tampering functions), our codes have codeword length $n = k^{1+o(1)}$ for a $k$-bit message. This is an exponential improvement of the previous best construction due to Chattopadhyay ... more >>>

Shachar Lovett, Kewen Wu, Jiapeng Zhang

A decision list is an ordered list of rules. Each rule is specified by a term, which is a conjunction of literals, and a value. Given an input, the output of a decision list is the value corresponding to the first rule whole term is satisfied by the input. Decision ... more >>>

Zander Kelley

We prove a new derandomization of Håstad's switching lemma, showing how to efficiently generate restrictions satisfying the switching lemma for DNF or CNF formulas of size $m$ using only $\widetilde{O}(\log m)$ random bits. Derandomizations of the switching lemma have been useful in many works as a key building-block for constructing ... more >>>

Shuichi Hirahara, Mikito Nanashima

A PAC learning model involves two worst-case requirements: a learner must learn all functions in a class on all example distributions. However, basing the hardness of learning on NP-hardness has remained a key challenge for decades. In fact, recent progress in computational complexity suggests the possibility that a weaker assumption ... more >>>

Xin Lyu

We give PRG for depth-$d$, size-$m$ $\mathrm{AC}^0$ circuits with seed length $O(\log^{d-1}(m)\log(m/\varepsilon)\log\log(m))$. Our PRG improves on previous work [TX13, ST19, Kel21] from various aspects. It has optimal dependence on $\frac{1}{\varepsilon}$ and is only one “$\log\log(m)$” away from the lower bound barrier. For the case of $d=2$, the seed length tightly ... more >>>

Prahladh Harsha, Tulasi mohan Molli, A. Shankar

Rossman [In Proc. 34th Comput. Complexity Conf., 2019] introduced the notion of criticality. The criticality of a Boolean function $f : \{0, 1\}^n\to \{0, 1\}$ is the minimum $\lambda \geq 1$ such that for all positive integers $t$,

\[Pr_{\rho\sim R_p} [\text{DT}_{\text{depth}}(f|_\rho) \geq t] \leq (p\lambda)^t.\]

.

Håstad’s celebrated switching lemma ...
more >>>

Johan Håstad

We study Frege proofs for the one-to-one graph Pigeon Hole Principle

defined on the $n\times n$ grid where $n$ is odd.

We are interested in the case where each formula

in the proof is a depth $d$ formula in the basis given by

$\land$, $\lor$, and $\neg$. We prove that ...
more >>>

Vinayak Kumar

We initiate the study of generalized $AC^0$ circuits comprised of arbitrary unbounded fan-in gates which only need to be constant over inputs of Hamming weight $\ge k$ (up to negations of the input bits), which we denote $GC^0(k)$. The gate set of this class includes biased LTFs like the $k$-$OR$ ... more >>>