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TR00-081 | 5th September 2000 00:00

On the difference between polynomial-time many-one and truth-table reducibilities on distributional problems


Authors: Shin Aida, Rainer Schuler, Tatsuie Tsukiji, Osamu Watanabe
Publication: 22nd September 2000 20:15
Downloads: 1907


In this paper we separate many-one reducibility from truth-table
reducibility for distributional problems in DistNP under the
hypothesis that P neq NP. As a first example we consider the
3-Satisfiability problem (3SAT) with two different distributions
on 3CNF formulas. We show that 3SAT using a version of the
standard distribution is truth-table reducible but not many-one
reducible to 3SAT using a less redundant distribution unless
P = NP.

We extend this separation result and define a distributional
complexity class C with the following properties:

(1) C is a subclass of DistNP, this relation is proper unless
P = NP.

(2) C contains DistP, but it is not contained in AveP unless
DistNP is contained in AveZPP.

(3) C has a polynomial-time many-one complete set.

(4) C has a polynomial-time truth-table complete set that is
not polynomial-time many-one complete unless P = NP.

This shows that under the assumption that P neq NP, the two
completeness notions differ on some non-trivial subclass of DistNP.

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