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Revision #1 to TR03-002 | 7th February 2003 00:00

Minimal unsatisfiable formulas with bounded clause-variable difference are fixed-parameter tractable

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Revision #1
Authors: Stefan Szeider
Accepted on: 7th February 2003 00:00
Downloads: 1024
Keywords: 


Abstract:


Paper:

TR03-002 | 13th December 2002 00:00

Minimal unsatisfiable formulas with bounded clause-variable difference are fixed-parameter tractable





TR03-002
Authors: Stefan Szeider
Publication: 16th January 2003 00:20
Downloads: 1018
Keywords: 


Abstract:

The deficiency of a propositional formula F in CNF with n variables
and m clauses is defined as m-n. It is known that minimal
unsatisfiable formulas (unsatisfiable formulas which become
satisfiable by removing any clause) have positive deficiency.
Recognition of minimal unsatisfiable formulas is NP-hard, and it was
shown recently that minimal unsatisfiable formulas with deficiency k
can be recognized in time n^{O(k)}. We improve this result and
present an algorithm with time complexity O(2^k n^4). Whence the
problem is fixed-parameter tractable in the sense of R.G. Downey and
M.R. Fellows, Parameterized Complexity, Springer, New York, 1999.


Our algorithm gives raise to a fixed-parameter tractable
parameterization of the satisfiability problem: If the maximum
deficiency over all subsets of a formula F is at most k, then we can
decide in time O(2^k n^3) whether F is satisfiable (and we certify the
decision by providing either a satisfying truth assignment or a
regular resolution refutation). Known parameters for fixed-parameter
tractable satisfiability decision are tree-width or related to
tree-width. In contrast to tree-width (which is NP-hard to compute)
the maximum deficiency can be calculated efficiently by graph matching
algorithms. We exhibit an infinite class of formulas where maximum
deficiency outperforms tree-width (and related parameters), as well as
an infinite class where the converse prevails.



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