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TR03-070 | 19th August 2003 00:00

An Optimal Randomised Cell Probe Lower Bound for Approximate Nearest Neighbour Searching


Authors: Amit Chakrabarti, Oded Regev
Publication: 24th September 2003 19:21
Downloads: 1411


We consider the approximate nearest neighbour search problem on the
Hamming Cube $\b^d$. We show that a randomised cell probe algorithm that
uses polynomial storage and word size $d^{O(1)}$ requires a worst case
query time of $\Omega(\log\log d/\log\log\log d)$. The approximation
factor may be as loose as $2^{\log^{1-\eta}d}$ for any fixed $\eta >
0$. This generalises an earlier result on the
deterministic complexity of the same problem and, more importantly,
fills a major gap in the study of this problem since all earlier lower
bounds either did not allow randomisation
or did not allow approximation.
We also give a cell probe algorithm which proves that our lower bound is

Our proof uses a lower bound on the round complexity of the
related communication problem. We show, additionally, that
considerations of bit complexity alone cannot prove any nontrivial cell
probe lower bound for the problem. This shows that the Richness
Technique used in a lot of recent research around
this problem would not have helped here.

Our proof is based on information theoretic techniques for communication
complexity, a theme that has been prominent in recent
research. In
particular, we make heavy use of the round elimination and message
compression ideas in the recent work of Sen and Jain,
Radhakrishnan, and Sen, and also introduce a new
technique which we call message switching.

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