Weizmann Logo
ECCC
Electronic Colloquium on Computational Complexity

Under the auspices of the Computational Complexity Foundation (CCF)

Login | Register | Classic Style



REPORTS > DETAIL:

Paper:

TR04-102 | 20th October 2004 00:00

Key Agreement from Weak Bit Agreement

RSS-Feed




TR04-102
Authors: Thomas Holenstein
Publication: 24th November 2004 18:43
Downloads: 1796
Keywords: 


Abstract:

Assume that Alice and Bob, given an authentic channel, have a protocol where they end up with a bit S_A and S_B, respectively, such that with probability (1+eps)/2 these bits are equal. Further assume that conditioned on the event S_A = S_B no polynomial time bounded algorithm can predict the bit better than with probability 1-delta/2. Is it possible to obtain key agreement from such a primitive? We show that for constant delta and eps the answer is yes if and only if delta > (1-eps)/(1+eps), both for uniform and non-uniform adversaries.

The main computational technique used in this paper is a strengthening of Impagliazzo's hard-core lemma to the uniform case and to a set size parameter which is tight (i.e., twice the original size). This may be of independent interest.



ISSN 1433-8092 | Imprint