TR09-103 Authors: Vikraman Arvind, Srikanth Srinivasan

Publication: 26th October 2009 17:09

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In this paper we study the computational complexity of computing the noncommutative determinant. We first consider the arithmetic circuit complexity of computing the noncommutative determinant polynomial. Then, more generally, we also examine the complexity of computing the determinant (as a function) over noncommutative domains. Our hardness results are summarized below:

1. We show that if the noncommutative determinant polynomial has small noncommutative arithmetic circuits then so does the noncommutative permanent. Consequently, the commutative permanent polynomial has small commutative arithmetic circuits.

2. For any field F we show that computing the $n\times n$ permanent over F is polynomial-time reducible to computing the $2n \times 2n$ (noncommutative) determinant whose entries are $O(n^2 ) \times O(n^2 )$ matrices over the field F.

3. We also derive as a consequence that computing the $n \times n$ permanent over nonnegative rationals is polynomial-time reducible to computing the noncommutative determinant over Clifford algebras of $n^{O(1)}$ dimension.

Our techniques are elementary and use primarily the notion of the Hadamard Product of noncommutative polynomials.