Revision #2 Authors: Andris Ambainis, Jevgenijs Vihrovs

Accepted on: 7th June 2016 14:00

Downloads: 128

Keywords:

We study the structure of sets $S\subseteq\{0, 1\}^n$ with small sensitivity. The well-known Simon's lemma says that any $S\subseteq\{0, 1\}^n$ of sensitivity $s$ must be of size at least $2^{n-s}$. This result has been useful for proving lower bounds on sensitivity of Boolean functions, with applications to the theory of parallel computing and the "sensitivity vs. block sensitivity" conjecture.

In this paper, we take a deeper look at the size of such sets and their structure. We show an unexpected "gap theorem": if $S\subseteq\{0, 1\}^n$ has sensitivity $s$, then we either have $|S|=2^{n-s}$ or $|S|\geq \frac{3}{2} 2^{n-s}$. This is shown via classifying such sets into sets that can be constructed from low-sensitivity subsets of $\{0, 1\}^{n'}$ for $n'<n$ and irreducible sets which cannot be constructed in such a way and then proving a lower bound on the size of irreducible sets.

This provides new insights into the structure of low sensitivity subsets of the Boolean hypercube $\{0, 1\}^n$.

- Updated proof of Theorem 2.

- Updated reference to "Sensitivity versus certificate complexity of Boolean functions" by A. Ambainis, K. Pr?sis, and J. Vihrovs.

Revision #1 Authors: Andris Ambainis, Jevgenijs Vihrovs

Accepted on: 10th June 2014 19:11

Downloads: 581

Keywords:

We study the structure of sets $S\subseteq\{0, 1\}^n$ with small sensitivity. The well-known Simon's lemma says that any $S\subseteq\{0, 1\}^n$ of sensitivity $s$ must be of size at least $2^{n-s}$. This result has been useful for proving lower bounds on sensitivity of Boolean functions, with applications to the theory of parallel computing and the "sensitivity vs. block sensitivity" conjecture.

In this paper, we take a deeper look at the size of such sets and their structure. We show an unexpected "gap theorem": if $S\subseteq\{0, 1\}^n$ has sensitivity $s$, then we either have $|S|=2^{n-s}$ or $|S|\geq \frac{3}{2} 2^{n-s}$. This is shown via classifying such sets into sets that can be constructed from low-sensitivity subsets of $\{0, 1\}^{n'}$ for $n'<n$ and irreducible sets which cannot be constructed in such a way and then proving a lower bound on the size of irreducible sets.

This provides new insights into the structure of low sensitivity subsets of the Boolean hypercube $\{0, 1\}^n$.

Added reference to "Boolean functions with small spectral norm." by B. Green and T. Sanders.

TR14-077 Authors: Andris Ambainis, Jevgenijs Vihrovs

Publication: 3rd June 2014 12:15

Downloads: 830

Keywords:

We study the structure of sets $S\subseteq\{0, 1\}^n$ with small sensitivity. The well-known Simon's lemma says that any $S\subseteq\{0, 1\}^n$ of sensitivity $s$ must be of size at least $2^{n-s}$. This result has been useful for proving lower bounds on sensitivity of Boolean functions, with applications to the theory of parallel computing and the "sensitivity vs. block sensitivity" conjecture.

In this paper, we take a deeper look at the size of such sets and their structure. We show an unexpected "gap theorem": if $S\subseteq\{0, 1\}^n$ has sensitivity $s$, then we either have $|S|=2^{n-s}$ or $|S|\geq \frac{3}{2} 2^{n-s}$. This is shown via classifying such sets into sets that can be constructed from low-sensitivity subsets of $\{0, 1\}^{n'}$ for $n'<n$ and irreducible sets which cannot be constructed in such a way and then proving a lower bound on the size of irreducible sets.

This provides new insights into the structure of low sensitivity subsets of the Boolean hypercube $\{0, 1\}^n$.