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TR15-077 | 4th May 2015 08:00

Using higher-order Fourier analysis over general fields


Authors: Arnab Bhattacharyya, Abhishek Bhowmick
Publication: 4th May 2015 08:04
Downloads: 717


Higher-order Fourier analysis, developed over prime fields, has been recently used in different areas of computer science, including list decoding, algorithmic decomposition and testing. We extend the tools of higher-order Fourier analysis to analyze functions over general fields. Using these new tools, we revisit the results in the above areas.

* For any fixed finite field $\mathbb{K}$, we show that the list decoding radius of the generalized Reed Muller code over $\mathbb{K}$ equals the minimum distance of the code. Previously, this had been proved over prime fields [BL14] and for the case when $|\mathbb{K}|-1$ divides the order of the code [GKZ08].

* For any fixed finite field $\mathbb{K}$, we give a polynomial time algorithm to decide whether a given polynomial $P: \mathbb{K}^n \to \mathbb{K}$ can be decomposed as a particular composition of lesser degree polynomials. This had been previously established over prime fields [Bha14, BHT15].

* For any fixed finite field $\mathbb{K}$, we prove that all locally characterized affine-invariant properties of functions $f: \mathbb{K}^n \to \mathbb{K}$ are testable with one-sided error. The same result was known when $\mathbb{K}$ is prime [BFHHL13] and when the property is linear [KS08]. Moreover, we show that for any fixed finite field $\mathbb{F}$, an affine-invariant property of functions $f: \mathbb{K}^n \to \mathbb{F}$, where $\mathbb{K}$ is a growing field extension over $\mathbb{F}$, is testable if it is locally characterized by constraints of bounded weight.

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