TR16-201 Authors: Eric Blais, Yuichi Yoshida

Publication: 19th December 2016 05:25

Downloads: 825

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We characterize the set of properties of Boolean-valued functions on a finite domain $\mathcal{X}$ that are testable with a constant number of samples.

Specifically, we show that a property $\mathcal{P}$ is testable with a constant number of samples if and only if it is (essentially) a $k$-part symmetric property for some constant $k$,

where a property is $k$-part symmetric if there is a partition $S_1,\ldots,S_k$ of $\mathcal{X}$ such that whether $f:\mathcal{X} \to \{0,1\}$ satisfies the property is determined solely by the densities of $f$ on $S_1,\ldots,S_k$.

We use this characterization to obtain a number of corollaries, namely: (i) A graph property $\mathcal{P}$ is testable with a constant number of samples if and only if whether a graph $G$ satisfies $\mathcal{P}$ is (essentially) determined by the edge density of $G$. (ii) An affine-invariant property $\mathcal{P}$ of functions $f:\mathbb{F}_p^n \to \{0,1\}$ is testable with a constant number of samples if and only if whether $f$ satisfies $\mathcal{P}$ is (essentially) determined by the density of $f$.

(iii) For every constant $d \geq 1$, monotonicity of functions $f : [n]^d \to \{0, 1\}$ on the $d$-dimensional hypergrid is testable with a constant number of samples.