Revision #1 Authors: Eric Allender, Andreas Krebs, Pierre McKenzie

Accepted on: 20th August 2017 17:29

Downloads: 238

Keywords:

Cost register automata (CRA) are one-way finite automata whose transitions have the side effect that a register is set to the result of applying a state-dependent semiring operation to a pair of registers. Here it is shown that CRAs over the semiring (N,min,+) can simulate polynomial time computation, proving along the way that a naturally defined width-k circuit value problem over the tropical semiring is P-complete. Then the copyless variant of the CRA, requiring that semiring operations be applied to distinct registers, is shown no more powerful than NC1 when the semiring is (Z,+,×) or (?*,max,?). This relates questions left open in recent work on the complexity of CRA-computable functions to long-standing class separation conjectures in complexity theory, such as NC versus P and NC1 versus GapNC1.

Technical typos and one serious error corrected.

TR17-072 Authors: Eric Allender, Andreas Krebs, Pierre McKenzie

Publication: 25th April 2017 17:07

Downloads: 431

Keywords:

Cost register automata (CRA) are one-way finite automata whose transitions have the side effect that a register is set to the result of applying a state-dependent semiring operation to a pair of registers. Here it is shown that CRAs over the semiring (N,min,+) can simulate polynomial time computation, proving along the way that a naturally defined width-k circuit value problem over the tropical semiring is P-complete. Then the copyless variant of the CRA, requiring that semiring operations be applied to distinct registers, is shown no more powerful than NC1 when the semiring is (Z,+,×) or (?*,max,?). This relates questions left open in recent work on the complexity of CRA-computable functions to long-standing class separation conjectures in complexity theory, such as NC versus P and NC1 versus GapNC1.