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TR18-170 | 4th October 2018 12:18

Cops-Robber games and the resolution of Tseitin formulas


Authors: Nicola Galesi, Navid Talebanfard, Jacobo Toran
Publication: 7th October 2018 16:48
Downloads: 764


We characterize several complexity measures for the resolution of Tseitin formulas in terms of a two person cop-robber game. Our game is a slight variation of the one Seymour and Thomas used in order to characterize the tree-width parameter. For any undirected graph, by counting the number of cops needed in our game in order to catch a robber in it, we are able to exactly characterize the width, variable space and depth measures for the resolution of the Tseitin formula corresponding to that graph. We also give an exact game characterization of resolution variable space for any formula.

We show that our game can be played in a monotone way. This implies that the associated resolution measures on Tseitin formulas correspond
exactly to those under the restriction of Davis-Putnam resolution, implying that this kind of resolution is optimal on Tseitin formulas for all the considered measures.

Using our characterizations we improve the existing complexity bounds for Tseitin formulas showing that resolution width, depth and variable space coincide up to a logarithmic factor, and that variable space is bounded by the clause space times a logarithmic factor.

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