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TR19-151 | 5th November 2019 11:01

Optimal Inapproximability with Universal Factor Graphs


Authors: Per Austrin, Jonah Brown-Cohen, Johan Håstad
Publication: 5th November 2019 11:01
Downloads: 849


The factor graph of an instance of a constraint satisfaction problem (CSP) is the bipartite graph indicating which variables appear in each constraint. An instance of the CSP is given by the factor graph together with a list of which predicate is applied for each constraint. We establish that many Max-CSPs remains as hard to approximate as in the general case even when the factor graph is fixed (depending only on the size of the instance) and known in advance.

Examples of results obtained for this restricted setting are:

Optimal inapproximability for Max-3-Lin.

Approximation resistance for predicates supporting pairwise independent subgroups.

Hardness of the ``$(2+\epsilon)$-Sat'' problem and other Promise CSPs.

The main technical tool used to establish these results is a new way of folding the long code which we call ``functional folding''.

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