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Revision #3 to TR20-165 | 17th February 2022 17:28

Interactive Oracle Proofs of Proximity to Algebraic Geometry Codes

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Revision #3
Authors: Sarah Bordage, Mathieu Lhotel, Jade Nardi, Hugues Randriam
Accepted on: 17th February 2022 17:28
Downloads: 71
Keywords: 


Abstract:

In this work, we initiate the study of proximity testing to Algebraic Geometry (AG) codes. An AG code $C = C(X, P, D)$ is a vector space associated to evaluations on $P$ of functions in the Riemann-Roch space $L_X(D)$. The problem of testing proximity to an error-correcting code $C$ consists in distinguishing between the case where an input word, given as an oracle, belongs to $C$ and the one where it is far from every codeword of $C$. AG codes are good candidates to construct short proof systems, but there exists no efficient proximity tests for them. We aim to fill this gap.
We construct an Interactive Oracle Proof of Proximity (IOPP) for some families of AG codes by generalizing an IOPP for Reed-Solomon codes, known as the FRI protocol [Ben-Sasson et al., ICALP 2018]. We identify suitable requirements for designing efficient IOPP systems for AG codes. Our approach relies on a neat decomposition of the Riemann-Roch space of any invariant divisor under a group action on a curve into several explicit Riemann-Roch spaces on the quotient curve. We thus provide a framework in which a proximity test to $C$ can be reduced to one to a simpler code $C'$. Iterating this process thoroughly, we end up with a membership test to a code with significantly smaller length. As concrete instantiations, we study AG codes on Kummer curves and curves in the Hermitian tower. The latter can be defined over polylogarithmic-size alphabet. We specialize the generic AG-IOPP construction to reach linear prover running time and logarithmic verification on Kummer curves, and quasilinear prover time with polylogarithmic verification on the Hermitian tower.



Changes to previous version:

This is a major update compared to previous version.
The first ten pages, which give an overview of the work, have been amended in order to clarify the motivations of the paper, as well as comparisons with related works.
An additional contribution has been added, from a collaboration with two new co-authors (AG codes over polylogarithmic alphabet, based on Hermitian towers)
The rest of the paper has also been reworked, in particular to allow for the integration of the new contribution in a coherent way.


Revision #2 to TR20-165 | 15th February 2021 15:51

Interactive Oracle Proofs of Proximity to Algebraic Geometry Codes





Revision #2
Authors: Sarah Bordage, Jade Nardi
Accepted on: 15th February 2021 15:51
Downloads: 276
Keywords: 


Abstract:

In this work, we initiate the study of proximity testing to Algebraic Geometry (AG) codes. An AG code $C = C(\calC, \calP, D)$ is a vector space associated to evaluations on $\calP$ of functions in the Riemann-Roch space $L_\calC(D)$. The problem of testing proximity to an error-correcting code $C$ consists in distinguishing between the case where an input word, given as an oracle, belongs to $C$ and the one where it is far from every codeword of $C$. AG codes are good candidates to construct \emph{short} proof systems, but there exists no efficient proximity tests for them. We aim to fill this gap.

We construct an Interactive Oracle Proof of Proximity (IOPP) for some families of AG codes by generalizing an IOPP for Reed-Solomon codes, known as the FRI protocol (Ben-Sasson, Bentov, Horesh and Riabzev, 2018). We identify suitable requirements for designing efficient IOPP systems for AG codes. Our approach relies on Kani's result that splits the Riemann-Roch space of any invariant divisor under a group action on a curve into several explicit Riemann-Roch spaces on the quotient curve. Under some hypotheses, a proximity test to $C$ can thus be reduced to one to a simpler code $C'$. Iterating this process thoroughly, we end up with a membership test to a code with significantly smaller length. As a concrete instantiation, we study AG codes on Kummer curves, which are potentially much longer than Reed-Solomon codes. For this type of curves, we manage to extend our generic construction to reach a strictly linear proving time and a strictly logarithmic verification time.



Changes to previous version:

Some clarifications in Section 1, and improved protocol in Section 5.


Revision #1 to TR20-165 | 17th November 2020 23:07

Interactive Oracle Proofs of Proximity to Algebraic Geometry Codes





Revision #1
Authors: Sarah Bordage, Jade Nardi
Accepted on: 17th November 2020 23:07
Downloads: 194
Keywords: 


Abstract:

In this work, we initiate the study of proximity testing to Algebraic Geometry (AG) codes. An AG code $C = C(\mathcal C, \mathcal P, D)$ is a vector space associated to evaluations on $\mathcal P$ of functions in the Riemann-Roch space $L_\mathcal C(D)$. The problem of testing proximity to an error-correcting code $C$ consists in distinguishing between the case where an input word, given as an oracle, belongs to $C$ and the one where it is far from every codeword of $C$. AG codes are good candidates to construct \emph{short} proof systems, but there exists no efficient proximity tests for them. We aim to fill this gap.

We construct an Interactive Oracle Proof of Proximity (IOPP) for some families of AG codes by generalizing an IOPP for Reed-Solomon codes, known as the \textsf{FRI} protocol and introduced by Ben-Sasson, Bentov, Horesh and Riabzev in 2018. We identify suitable requirements for designing efficient IOPP systems for AG codes. In addition to proposing the first proximity test targeting AG codes, our IOPP admits quasilinear prover arithmetic complexity and sublinear verifier arithmetic complexity with constant soundness for meaningful classes of AG codes. We take advantage of the algebraic geometry framework that makes any group action on the curve that fixes the divisor $D$ translate into a decomposition of the code $C$. Concretely, our approach relies on Kani's result that splits the Riemann-Roch space of any invariant divisor under this action into several explicit Riemann-Roch spaces on the quotient curve. Under some hypotheses, these spaces behave well enough to define an AG code $C'$ on the quotient curve so that a proximity test to $C$ can be reduced to one to $C'$. Iterating this process thoroughly, we end up with a membership test to a code with significantly smaller length.


Paper:

TR20-165 | 6th November 2020 18:18

Interactive Oracle Proofs of Proximity to Algebraic Geometry Codes





TR20-165
Authors: Sarah Bordage, Jade Nardi
Publication: 9th November 2020 14:45
Downloads: 309
Keywords: 


Abstract:

In this work, we initiate the study of proximity testing to Algebraic Geometry (AG) codes. An AG code $C = C(\mathcal C, \mathcal P, D)$ is a vector space associated to evaluations on $\mathcal P$ of functions in the Riemann-Roch space $L_\mathcal C(D)$. The problem of testing proximity to an error-correcting code $C$ consists in distinguishing between the case where an input word, given as an oracle, belongs to $C$ and the one where it is far from every codeword of $C$. AG codes are good candidates to construct \emph{short} proof systems, but there exists no efficient proximity tests for them. We aim to fill this gap.

We construct an Interactive Oracle Proof of Proximity (IOPP) for some families of AG codes by generalizing an IOPP for Reed-Solomon codes, known as the \textsf{FRI} protocol and introduced by Ben-Sasson, Bentov, Horesh and Riabzev in 2018. We identify suitable requirements for designing efficient IOPP systems for AG codes. In addition to proposing the first proximity test targeting AG codes, our IOPP admits quasilinear prover arithmetic complexity and sublinear verifier arithmetic complexity with constant soundness for meaningful classes of AG codes. We take advantage of the algebraic geometry framework that makes any group action on the curve that fixes the divisor $D$ translate into a decomposition of the code $C$. Concretely, our approach relies on Kani's result that splits the Riemann-Roch space of any invariant divisor under this action into several explicit Riemann-Roch spaces on the quotient curve. Under some hypotheses, these spaces behave well enough to define an AG code $C'$ on the quotient curve so that a proximity test to $C$ can be reduced to one to $C'$. Iterating this process thoroughly, we end up with a membership test to a code with significantly smaller length.



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