Revision #2 Authors: Per Austrin, Kilian Risse

Accepted on: 27th July 2022 17:20

Downloads: 233

Keywords:

We study the complexity of proving that a sparse random regular graph on an odd number of vertices does not have a perfect matching, and related problems involving each vertex being matched some pre-specified number of times. We show that this requires proofs of degree $\Omega(n/\log n)$ in the Polynomial Calculus (over fields of characteristic $\ne 2$) and Sum-of-Squares proof systems, and exponential size in the bounded-depth Frege proof system. This resolves a question by Razborov asking whether the Lovász-Schrijver proof system requires $n^\delta$ rounds to refute these formulas for some $\delta > 0$. The results are obtained by a worst-case to average-case reduction of these formulas relying on a topological embedding theorem which may be of independent interest.

This version addresses several issues pointed out by the journal referees.

Revision #1 Authors: Per Austrin, Kilian Risse

Accepted on: 25th October 2021 16:58

Downloads: 495

Keywords:

We study the complexity of proving that a sparse random regular graph on an odd number of vertices does not have a perfect matching, and related problems involving each vertex being matched some pre-specified number of times. We show that this requires proofs of degree $\Omega(n/\log n)$ in the Polynomial Calculus (over fields of characteristic $\ne 2$) and Sum-of-Squares proof systems, and exponential size in the bounded-depth Frege proof system. This resolves a question by Razborov asking whether the Lovász-Schrijver proof system requires $n^\delta$ rounds to refute these formulas for some $\delta > 0$. The results are obtained by a worst-case to average-case reduction of these formulas relying on a topological embedding theorem which may be of independent interest.

Incorporated various reviewer comments which hopefully improved the exposition.

TR21-021 Authors: Per Austrin, Kilian Risse

Publication: 20th February 2021 20:26

Downloads: 706

Keywords:

We study the complexity of proving that a sparse random regular graph on an odd number of vertices does not have a perfect matching, and related problems involving each vertex being matched some pre-specified number of times. We show that this requires proofs of degree $\Omega(n/\log n)$ in the Polynomial Calculus (over fields of characteristic $\ne 2$) and Sum-of-Squares proof systems, and exponential size in the bounded-depth Frege proof system. This resolves a question by Razborov asking whether the Lovász-Schrijver proof system requires $n^\delta$ rounds to refute these formulas for some $\delta > 0$. The results are obtained by a worst-case to average-case reduction of these formulas relying on a topological embedding theorem which may be of independent interest.