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TR23-208 | 21st December 2023 20:39

Opening Up the Distinguisher: A Hardness to Randomness Approach for BPL = L that Uses Properties of BPL


Authors: Dean Doron, Edward Pyne, Roei Tell
Publication: 23rd December 2023 03:45
Downloads: 325


We provide compelling evidence for the potential of hardness-vs.-randomness approaches to make progress on the long-standing problem of derandomizing space-bounded computation.

Our first contribution is a derandomization of bounded-space machines from hardness assumptions for classes of uniform deterministic algorithms, for which strong (but non-matching) lower bounds can be unconditionally proved. We prove one such result for showing that $\mathbf{BPL}=\mathbf{L}$ ``on average'', and another similar result for showing that $\mathbf{BPSPACE}[O(n)]=\mathbf{DSPACE}[O(n)]$.

Next, we significantly improve the main results of prior works on hardness-vs.-randomness
for logspace. As one of our results, we relax the assumptions needed for derandomization with minimal memory footprint (i.e., showing $\mathbf{BPSPACE}[S]\subseteq \mathbf{DSPACE}[c \cdot S]$ for a small constant $c$), by completely eliminating a cryptographic assumption that was needed in prior work.

A key contribution underlying all of our results is non-black-box use of the descriptions of space-bounded Turing machines, when proving hardness-to-randomness results. That is, the crucial point allowing us to prove our results is that we use properties that are specific to space-bounded machines.

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