TR96-057 Authors: Oded Goldreich, Dana Ron

Publication: 20th November 1996 09:46

Downloads: 5155

Keywords:

In this paper, we consider the question of determining whether

a function $f$ has property $P$ or is $\e$-far from any

function with property $P$.

The property testing algorithm is given a sample of the value

of $f$ on instances drawn according to some distribution.

In some cases,

it is also allowed to query $f$ on instances of its choice.

We study this question for different properties

and establish some connection to problems in learning theory

and approximation.

In particular we focus our attention on testing graph properties.

Given access to a graph $G$ in the form of being able to query

whether an edge exists or not between a pair of vertices,

we devise algorithms to test whether the

underlying graph has properties such as being bipartite, $k$-colorable,

or having a $\rho$-clique

(clique of density $\rho$ w.r.t the vertex set).

Our graph property testing algorithms are probabilistic

and make assertions which are correct

with high probability,

utilizing only a constant number of queries into the graph.

Moreover, the property testing algorithms can be used to efficiently

(i.e., in time linear in the number of vertices)

construct partitions of the graph

which correspond to the property being tested,

if it holds for the input graph.

For $k$-colorability this

sheds new light on the problem of approximatly coloring a $k$-colorable graph.