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TR02-012 | 3rd February 2002 00:00
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#### On the Complexity of Matrix Product

TR02-012
Authors:

Ran Raz
Publication: 5th February 2002 19:06

Downloads: 4307

Keywords:

**Abstract:**
We prove a lower bound of $\Omega(m^2 \log m)$ for the size of

any arithmetic circuit for the product of two matrices,

over the real or complex numbers, as long as the circuit doesn't

use products with field elements of absolute value larger than 1

(where $m \times m$ is the size of each matrix).

That is, our lower bound is super-linear in the number of inputs

and is applied for circuits that use addition gates, product gates

and products with field elements of absolute value up to 1.

More generally, for any $c = c(m) \ge 1$,

we obtain a lower bound of $\Omega(m^2 \log_{2c} m)$ for the size of

any arithmetic circuit for the product of two matrices

(over the real or complex numbers), as long as the circuit doesn't

use products with field elements of absolute value larger than $c$.

We also prove size-depth tradeoffs for such circuits.