TR12-038 Authors: Iordanis Kerenidis, Sophie Laplante, Virginie Lerays, Jérémie Roland, David Xiao

Publication: 13th April 2012 03:31

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We show that almost all known lower bound methods for communication complexity are also lower bounds for the information complexity. In particular, we define a relaxed version of the partition bound of Jain and Klauck and prove that it lower bounds the information complexity of any function. Our relaxed partition bound subsumes all norm based methods (e.g. the factorization norm method) and rectangle-based methods (e.g. the rectangle/corruption bound, the smooth rectangle bound, and the discrepancy bound), except the partition bound.

Our result uses a new connection between rectangles and zero-communication protocols where the players can either output a value or abort. We prove the following compression lemma: given a protocol for a function f with information complexity I, one can construct a zero-communication protocol that has non-abort probability at least $2^{O(I)}$ and that computes f correctly with high probability conditioned on not aborting. Then, we show how such a zero-communication protocol relates to the relaxed partition bound.

We use our main theorem to resolve three of the open questions raised by Braverman. First, we show that the information complexity of the Vector in Subspace Problem is $\Omega(n^{1/3})$, which, in turn, implies that there exists an exponential separation between quantum communication complexity and classical information complexity. Moreover, we provide an $\Omega(n)$ lower bound on the information complexity of the Gap Hamming Distance Problem.