Revision #2 Authors: Rohit Gurjar, Arpita Korwar, Nitin Saxena, Thomas Thierauf

Accepted on: 29th May 2015 15:42

Downloads: 438

Keywords:

A read-once oblivious arithmetic branching program (ROABP) is an arithmetic branching program (ABP) where each variable occurs in at most one layer. We give the first polynomial time whitebox identity test for a polynomial computed by a sum of constantly many ROABPs. We also give a corresponding blackbox algorithm with quasi-polynomial time complexity $n^{O(\log n)}$.

In both the cases, our time complexity is double exponential in the number of ROABPs.

ROABPs are a generalization of set-multilinear depth-$3$ circuits. The prior results for the sum of constantly many set-multilinear depth-$3$ circuits were only slightly better than brute-force, i.e. exponential-time.

Our techniques are a new interplay of three concepts for ROABP: low evaluation dimension, basis isolating weight assignment and low-support rank concentration. We relate basis isolation to rank concentration and extend it to a sum of two ROABPs using evaluation dimension (or partial derivatives).

Revision 1 was an outdated file. Some changes in the presentation and incorporating the reviewers' comments. There are no new theorems.

Revision #1 Authors: Rohit Gurjar, Arpita Korwar, Nitin Saxena, Thomas Thierauf

Accepted on: 16th May 2015 13:11

Downloads: 481

Keywords:

A read-once oblivious arithmetic branching program (ROABP) is an arithmetic branching program (ABP) where each variable occurs in at most one layer. We give the first polynomial time whitebox identity test for a polynomial computed by a sum of constantly many ROABPs. We also give a corresponding blackbox algorithm with quasi-polynomial time complexity $n^{O(\log n)}$. In both the cases, our time complexity is double exponential in the number of ROABPs.

ROABPs are a generalization of set-multilinear depth-$3$ circuits. The prior results for the sum of constantly many set-multilinear depth-$3$ circuits were only slightly better than brute-force, i.e. exponential-time.

Our techniques are a new interplay of three concepts for ROABP: low evaluation dimension, basis isolating weight assignment and low-support rank concentration. We relate basis isolation to rank concentration and extend it to a sum of two ROABPs using evaluation dimension (or partial derivatives).

Some changes in the presentation and incorporating the reviewers' comments. There are no new theorems.

TR14-158 Authors: Rohit Gurjar, Arpita Korwar, Nitin Saxena, Thomas Thierauf

Publication: 27th November 2014 09:32

Downloads: 655

Keywords:

A read once ABP is an arithmetic branching program with each variable occurring in at most one layer. We give the first polynomial time whitebox identity test for a polynomial computed by a sum of constantly many ROABPs. We also give a corresponding blackbox algorithm with quasi-polynomial time complexity, i.e. $n^{O(\log n)}$. The motivating special case of this model is sum of constantly many set-multilinear depth-$3$ circuits. The prior results for that model were only slightly better than brute-force (i.e. exponential-time).

Our techniques are a new interplay of three concepts for ROABP: low evaluation dimension, basis isolating weight assignment and low-support rank concentration.