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Revision #1 to TR15-092 | 4th August 2015 12:22

Compressing Communication in Distributed Protocols

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Revision #1
Authors: Ilan Komargodski, Yael Tauman Kalai
Accepted on: 4th August 2015 12:22
Downloads: 300
Keywords: 


Abstract:

We show how to compress communication in distributed protocols in which parties do not have private inputs. More specifically, we present a generic method for converting any protocol in which parties do not have private inputs, into another protocol where each message is "short" while preserving the same number of rounds, the same communication pattern, the same output distribution, and the same resilience to error. Assuming that the output lies in some universe of size $M$, in our resulting protocol each message consists of only $\polylog(M,n,d)$ many bits, where $n$ is the number of parties and $d$ is the number of rounds. Our transformation works in the full information model, in the presence of either static or adaptive Byzantine faults.

In particular, our result implies that for any such $\poly(n)$-round distributed protocol which generates outputs in a universe of size $\poly(n)$, long messages are not needed, and messages of length $\polylog(n)$ suffice. In other words, in this regime, any distributed task that can be solved in the $\mathcal{LOCAL}$ model, can also be solved in the $\mathcal{CONGEST}$ model with the same round complexity and security guarantees.

As a corollary, we conclude that for any $\poly(n)$-round collective coin-flipping protocol, leader election protocol, or selection protocols, messages of length $\polylog(n)$ suffice (in the presence of either static or adaptive Byzantine faults).



Changes to previous version:

A simplification of the proof.


Paper:

TR15-092 | 31st May 2015 23:05

Compressing Communication in Distributed Protocols





TR15-092
Authors: Yael Tauman Kalai, Ilan Komargodski
Publication: 8th June 2015 03:43
Downloads: 535
Keywords: 


Abstract:

We show how to compress communication in distributed protocols in which parties do not have private inputs. More specifically, we present a generic method for converting any protocol in which parties do not have private inputs, into another protocol where each message is "short" while preserving the same number of rounds, the same communication pattern, the same output distribution, and the same resilience to error. Assuming that the output lies in some universe of size $M$, in our resulting protocol each message consists of only $\polylog(M,n,d)$ many bits, where $n$ is the number of parties and $d$ is the number of rounds. Our transformation works in the full information model, in the presence of either static or adaptive Byzantine faults.

In particular, our result implies that for any such $\poly(n)$-round distributed protocol which generates outputs in a universe of size $\poly(n)$, long messages are not needed, and messages of length $\polylog(n)$ suffice. In other words, in this regime, any distributed task that can be solved in the $\mathcal{LOCAL}$ model, can also be solved in the $\mathcal{CONGEST}$ model with the same round complexity and security guarantees.

As a corollary, we conclude that for any $\poly(n)$-round collective coin-flipping protocol, leader election protocol, or selection protocols, messages of length $\polylog(n)$ suffice (in the presence of either static or adaptive Byzantine faults).



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