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Paper:

TR21-118 | 11th August 2021 19:13

Efficient multivariate low-degree tests via interactive oracle proofs of proximity for polynomial codes

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Abstract:

We consider the proximity testing problem for error-correcting codes which consist in evaluations of multivariate polynomials either of bounded individual degree or bounded total degree. Namely, given an
oracle function $f : L^m \rightarrow \mathbb F_q$, where $L\subset \mathbb F_q$, a verifier distinguishes whether $f$ is the evaluation of a low-degree polynomial or is far (in relative Hamming distance) from being one, by making only a few queries to $f$. This topic has been studied in the context of locally testable codes, interactive proofs, probabilistically checkable proofs, and interactive oracle proofs.
We present the first interactive oracle proofs of proximity (IOPP) for tensor products of Reed-Solomon codes (evaluation of polynomials with bounds on individual degrees) and for Reed-Muller codes (evaluation of polynomials with a bound on the total
degree).

Such low-degree polynomials play a central role in constructions of probabilistic proof systems and succinct non-interactive arguments of knowledge with zero-knowledge. For these applications, highly-efficient multivariate low-degree tests are
desired, but prior probabilistic proofs of proximity required super-linear proving time. In contrast, for multivariate codes of length $N$, our constructions admit a prover running in time linear in $N$ and a verifier which is logarithmic in $N$.

For fixed constant number of variables $m$, the efficiency parameters of our IOPPs for multivariate codes compare well, all things equal, with those of the IOPP for Reed-Solomon codes of [Ben-Sasson et al., ICALP 2018] from which they are directly inspired.



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