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TR23-048 | 4th April 2023 02:00
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#### A $d^{1/2+o(1)}$ Monotonicity Tester for Boolean Functions on $d$-Dimensional Hypergrids

**Abstract:**
Monotonicity testing of Boolean functions on the hypergrid, $f:[n]^d \to \{0,1\}$, is a classic topic in property testing. Determining the non-adaptive complexity of this problem is an important open question. For arbitrary $n$, [Black-Chakrabarty-Seshadhri, SODA 2020] describe a tester with query complexity $\widetilde{O}(\varepsilon^{-4/3}d^{5/6})$. This complexity is independent of $n$, but has a suboptimal dependence on $d$. Recently, [Braverman-Khot-Kindler-Minzer, ITCS 2023] and [Black-Chakrabarty-Seshadhri, STOC 2023] describe $\widetilde{O}(\varepsilon^{-2} n^3\sqrt{d})$ and $\widetilde{O}(\varepsilon^{-2} n\sqrt{d})$-query testers, respectively. These testers have an almost optimal dependence on $d$, but a suboptimal polynomial dependence on $n$.

In this paper, we describe a non-adaptive, one-sided monotonicity tester with query complexity

$O(\varepsilon^{-2} d^{1/2 + o(1)})$, independent of $n$. Up to the $d^{o(1)}$-factors, our result resolves the non-adaptive complexity of monotonicity testing for Boolean functions on hypergrids. The independence of $n$ yields a non-adaptive, one-sided $O(\varepsilon^{-2} d^{1/2 + o(1)})$-query monotonicity tester for Boolean functions $f:\mathbb{R}^d \to \{0,1\}$ associated with an arbitrary product measure.