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Revision #1 to TR07-037 | 23rd April 2007 00:00

Polynomial time algorithms to approximate mixed volumes within a simply exponential factor

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Revision #1
Authors: Leonid Gurvits
Accepted on: 23rd April 2007 00:00
Downloads: 1243
Keywords: 


Abstract:

Let ${\bf K} = (K_1...K_n)$ be a $n$-tuple of convex compact subsets in the Euclidean space $\R^n$, and
let $V(\cdot)$ be the Euclidean volume in $\R^n$. The Minkowski polynomial $V_{{\bf K}}$ is defined
as $V_{{\bf K}}(x_1,...,x_n) = V(\lambda_1 K_1 + ... + \lambda_n K_n)$ and the mixed volume $V(K_1,...,K_n)$ as
$$
V(K_1...K_n) = \frac{\partial^n}{\partial \lambda_1...\partial
\lambda_n} V_{{\bf K}}(\lambda_1 K_1 + \cdots
\lambda_n K_n).
$$
In this paper, we study randomized algorithms to approximate the
mixed volume of well-presented convex compact sets. Our main result
is a polynomial time algorithm which approximates $V(K_1,...,K_n)$
with a multiplicative error of $e^n$ and with better rates if the
affine dimensions of most of the sets $K_i$ are small.

Our approach is based on a particular convex relaxation of
$\log(V(K_1,...,K_n))$ via geometric programming. We prove the mixed
volume analogues of the Van der Waerden and the Schrijver/Valiant
conjectures for the permanent. These results, though interesting on
their own, allow one to "justify" the above mentioned convex
relaxation. This relaxation is solved with the ellipsoid
method using a randomized polynomial time algorithm for the
approximation of the volume of a convex set.


Paper:

TR07-037 | 2nd February 2007 00:00

Polynomial time algorithms to approximate mixed volumes within a simply exponential factor


Abstract:

We study in this paper randomized algorithms to approximate the mixed volume of well-presented convex compact sets.
Our main result is a poly-time algorithm which approximates $V(K_1,...,K_n)$ with multiplicative error $e^n$ and
with better rates if the affine dimensions of most of the sets $K_i$ are small.\\
Our approach is based on the particular convex relaxation of $\log(V(K_1,...,K_n))$ via the geometric programming.
We prove the mixed volume analogues of
the Van der Waerden and the Schrijver/Valiant conjectures on the permanent. These results , interesting on their own,
allow to "justify" the above mentioned convex relaxation, which is solved using the ellipsoid method and
a randomized poly-time time algorithm for the approximation of the volume of a convex set.



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